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An Overview of Arizona Primary Races - Part 4: Legislative Districts 11-20

Welcome back to my omnibus compendium of Arizona’s upcoming primary races in the style of my 2018 summaries. The primary is set to take place August 4th – early voting ballots should have been mailed out on or around July 8th.
Arizona’s a really interesting state (I may be a hair biased), since it not only is home to 2-3 swing House seats and a high-profile Senate race, but also tenuous majorities in both state houses that could – theoretically – neuter Ducey’s trifecta this fall. And counties have their races this year as well, so I’ve highlighted some of the fireworks ongoing in Maricopa.
And this is before factoring in the fact that our state is a COVID-19 hotspot, with an unpopular Republican Governor doing almost nothing to stop it.
If you’re interested about which district you live in, check https://azredistricting.org/districtlocato. If you want to get involved with your local Democratic party, find your legislative district on the previous link (NOT CD), and then search for your LD’s name at this link. Feel free to attend meetings, they’re a great way to get involved with candidates and like-minded individuals.
If you wish to donate to a “clean elections” candidate (mentioned in the post as “clean”), you will have to live in that candidate’s legislative district to give qualifying $5 contributions (check here if anyone needs it in your area), but they are allowed to accept a limited amount of “seed money” from people outside of the district. The three CorpComm candidates can take $5’s statewide.
If you do not want to vote at the polls, you will need to request an early ballot using the website of your county’s recorder prior to July 4th. Example links for Maricopa, Pima, and Pinal. Others available if needed.
Race ratings for listed primaries will be listed as Safe/Likely/Leans/Tilt/Tossup (alternatively Solid instead of Safe if my mind blanks) and are not indicative of my own preference for that seat. I’ll denote my personal primary preferences at the end of this series, as well as the best Republican ticket for the Dems if someone here really really wants to pull a GOP ballot in the primary. I do not advise it, but since I can't stop ya, you'll get my best suggestions.
Write-in candidates have yet to file, which could give us an outside chance at getting some Libertarians on the ballot (the Greens have lost their ballot access).
If you have any questions about voting in the primary, which races are the most contested, and how to get involved with other Democrats in Arizona, feel free to PM me.
All fundraising numbers here are as of 7/18/2020 (“Q2”).
District stats are listed for the race that involved the top Democratic vote-getter in the past two midterm cycles plus the last two presidential races, taken from Daily Kos’s legislative sheet – Clinton’16, Obama’12, Sinema’18, and Garcia’14 (not his 2018 run).
Part 1: Statewide and Congressional Races
Part 2: Maricopa County Races
Update 1: Congressional and County Rating Updates
Part 3: Legislative Districts 1-10
ALL OPINIONS ARE MY OWN SOLELY IN MY CAPACITY AS A VOTER IN ARIZONA, AND NOT REPRESENTATIVE OF ANY ORGANIZATIONS I WORK/ED FOR OR AM/WAS A MEMBER OF. THIS POST IS IN NO WAY ENDORSED BY THE ARIZONA DEMOCRATIC PARTY OR ANY SUB-ORGANIZATION THEREOF, OR ANY FILED CANDIDATE.
Alright, let’s get cracking, y’all. I’m going to try to save time and characters on the safer seats when I can, although of course I’ll expound on any fun stuff that comes up.
Legislative District 11 (McSally+9.93, Trump+13.9, Douglas+16.7, Romney+19.3)
The first district in this writeup installment is LD11, a district very close geographically and politically to LD8. Unlike LD8, however, LD11 has slowly been trending towards Democrats, instead of away from them. Encompassing the southern half of Pinal (including a large chunk of Casa Grande) and bits of Pima, LD11 could swing under the right conditions, but is probably a safe seat this year. That’s disappointing, since the incumbents in the district are pretty darn nasty.
Incumbent Senator Venden “Vince” Leach ($98K COH), a sort-of Great Value Mitch McConnell, loves to spend his time filing SB1487 complaints against various liberal towns in Arizona – basically, suing cities over their attempts to go above and beyond state law when it comes to certain issues. Leach leads the SB1487 leaderboard with 4 SB1487 suits, most recently targeting Pima County over COVID-19 safety regulations that were slightly stricter than state law. Joining the suit were his House counterparts, COVID-19 conspiracy-monger Bret Roberts ($22.4K COH) and actual goddamn Oathkeeper and Charlottesville truther Mark Finchem ($27K COH).
Facing Finchem and Roberts is the Democratic House nominee for LD11, Dr. Felipe Perez ($24.2K COH). Perez has made few waves online and I haven’t seen him even in the same tier of candidates as Girard in LD8, so he’s probably not going to supercharge this district into Dem. territory. But given the spike in public approval for the healthcare industry due to COVID, he may get lucky. On the Senate side, Leach’s opponent will be one of retired public administrator Linda Patterson ($4.7K COH, Clean) and Marine drill instructor Joanna Mendoza ($14.5K COH). Anything could happen between now and August, but Mendoza currently has a significant organizational, political (endorsements) and fiscal advantage over Patterson, and will probably be the nominee come August.
A well-run race could feasibly knock out Finchem or Roberts, but I’ve yet to see that happen. Still, it’s far out enough that I’m not going to slam the door shut on a Perez win just yet.
hunter15991 Rating: GOP primary unopposed, Safe Mendoza, Perez unopposed, Safe Leach, Safe Roberts, Likely Finchem general
Legislative District 12 (McSally+17.19, Trump+24.5, Douglas+17.84, Romney+33.35)
Really not going to focus much on this district to save space, as it’s a snoozefest. House Majority Leader Warren Petersen ($84.8K COH) is running for Senate to replace outgoing Sen. Eddie Farnsworth. Petersen faces Haitian DREAMer. former teacher, and 2018 LD-12 House nominee Lynsey Robinson ($1.4K COH). Robinson’s a great person, but lost her House race against Petersen by the 1v1 equivalent of 20 points, and shows no sign of knocking him off this time around.
Petersen’s runningmates, Rep. Travis Grantham ($39K COH) and Queen Creek Councilman Jake Hoffman ($107.7K COH) are unopposed in both the primary and general.
hunter15991 Rating: Primaries all unopposed, Safe Petersen general, GOP House unopposed
Legislative District 13 (McSally+21.59, Trump+26.96, Douglas+26.22, Romney+31.62)
Moving on to another Safe GOP district with not much activity – LD13! Stretching from the whiter Yuma neighborhoods all the way to Phoenix exurbs in Maricopa County (and the mirror image of LD4 to its south), LD13 routinely sends Republican slates to the legislature. This year, incumbents Sen. Sine Kerr ($58.5K COH), Rep. Tim Dunn ($60.4K COH), and Rep. Joanne Osborne ($15K COH) are all fighting to hold their seats.
Kerr is unopposed in both the primary and general, while Dunn and Osborne are in the opposite situation – they’ve got two elections between now and inauguration day. Democratic paralegal Mariana Sandoval ($3.1K COH, Clean) will put up little resistance for the GOP in the general, but the entrance of former Senator and former Speaker Pro Tem Steve Montenegro ($27.8K COH) could really shake up the LD13 House primary. Montenegro, a Salvadoran-American legislator who resigned his Senate seat to run for the CD-8 special election primary (he placed 3rd, ultimately losing to then-Sen. Debbie Lesko), was a rising star in the AZ-GOP before his resignation and contemporaneous sexting scandal. This Senate run could be a good way for him to get his foot back in the door, and since his election would single-handedly double the amount of non-white Republicans in the legislator, I would figure that some Arizona Republicans are excited that Montenegro is throwing his hat back into the ring.
I haven’t seen much about this primary online, but there’s vague general on GOP pages dinging Montenegro for his ties to a 2016 National Popular Vote bill in the legislature, which is a big purity sticking point for the further-right members of the Arizona GOP. That being said, the chatter is vague at best, and Montenegro has enough conservative cred (with endorsements from people like Joe Arpaio and former Rep. Trent Franks back during his special election run) that he will primarily face issues over the sexting scandal.
I’ll give Osborne and Dunn a slight advantage over their incumbency, financial well-being, and the issues in Montenegro’s closet, but this is a really tight race and Montenegro could very well end up back in the legislature this time next year.
hunter15991 Rating: Dem. unopposed, Kerr unopposed, Tilt Osborne, Tilt Dunn, All Safe GOP general
Legislative District 14 (McSally+23.83, Trump+26.24, Douglas+22.88, Romney+26.84)
This is yet another district where Democrats stand no real chance in competing this year, and haven’t in quite some time. Situated in SE Arizona, LD14 once incorporated some ancestrally Democratic mining towns in Greenlee and Graham County, but they’ve grown red enough in the past couple of decades that this district is now held by three GOP legislators.
Former House Speaker and current Sen. David Gowan ($60.9K COH) (who was previously in the news for trying to use a state vehicle to assist in a failed Congressional campaign) faces realtor Bob Karp ($12.9K COH, Clean) in the general, while House incumbents Rep. Gail “Tax porn to build the wall” Griffin ($50.5K COH) and Rep. Becky Nutt ($47.4K COH) face retired union activist Ronnie Maestas-Condos ($686 COH, Clean) and teacher Kim Beach-Moschetti ($13K COH, Clean). All 3 races will probably be easy GOP wins.
hunter15991 Rating: Candidates unopposed in primaries, All Safe GOP general
Legislative District 15 (McSally+8.01, Trump+16.61, Douglas+11.06, Romney+25.44)
LD15, up in Northern Scottsdale and Phoenix, is one of the final frontiers of suburban expansion for Arizona Democrats, along with the Mormon suburbs of the far East Valley (LD12, 16, and 25). A very wealthy area, LD15 has routinely been a GOP stronghold – but their hold on the area has been dissipating steadily rapidly in the Trump era. In 2018, two Dem. House candidates both managed to outperform the “single-shot” performance of a 2016 candidate, and Kristin Dybvig-Pawelko ($48.6K COH, hereafter “KDP”) improved on the district’s 2016 State Senate margin by several points despite facing a significantly more difficult opponent than the 2016 Democrat.
KDP is running again this year, as a single-shot candidate for the State House. Her opponents have yet to be set in stone, as both GOP Representatives are vacating their seats to run for higher office, and there are three GOP candidates in the August primary vying for two nominations. Veteran Steve Kaiser ($13.6K COH) and State House policy adviser Justin Wilmeth ($16K COH, $5.2K self-funded) are the nominal establishment picks for both seats, and have been endorsed by a whole host of GOP legislators. However, they face stiff competition from businessman Jarret Hamstreet ($23.2K COH, $10K self-funded), who boasts endorsements from GOP power-players like the local Chamber of Commerce and the NRA, as well as tacit support from the incumbent Senator in the district Heather Carter ($101.2K COH) (somewhat of an Arizona Lisa Murkowski). I’ve been able to find very little chatter on the race, but with Hamstreet’s significant fundraising advantage I definitely think he secures one of the two nominations this November. While the district is still quite red, KDP is no spring chicken, and facing Kasier, Hamstreet, or Wilmeth will be a lot easier than her run against Carter in 2018.
If I’m going to be honest, it is the GOP Senate primary that is almost as important as the House general election. Heather Carter has gotten on the bad side of quite a few conservative legislators during her tenure in the Senate, holding up GOP budgets with her partner in crime Paul Boyer in 2019 over a stalled child sexual assault statute of limitations bill and this year over an amendment to give additional funding to firefighters for PPE and to students for tuition support.
That amendment failed 15-15 thanks to one Kate Brophy McGee - more on her later.
Carter’s actual attempts at moderation (as opposed to McGee’s performative bullshit) has inspired current State Rep. Nancy Barto ($9.9K COH) to challenge her for the Senate. Barto has the support of both Kaiser and Wilmeth (as well as most of the GOP establishment) but has been routinely lagging behind Carter in fundraising (both in terms of current COH and overall amount raised). Carter has been bringing in more “moderate” and pro-public education GOP volunteers from all over Phoenix and is sure to put up a fight in August. As it stands, I think she narrowly pulls it off. There is no Democratic Senate opponent in the general, so winning the primary automatically wins the seat.
If you’ve got GOP friends in AZ who just can’t bare phonebanking for Democratic candidates but complain about the state of the Republican party, send them her way.
Carter has beliefs. Barto has none.
Slate totals:
  • CarteHamstreet: $124.4K
  • KDP: $48.6K
  • Barto coalition (KaiseWilmeth/Barto): $40.5K
hunter15991 Rating: Dem. unopposed, Tilt Carter, Lean Hamstreet, Tilt Kaiser, GOP Sen. unopposed in general, Likely Hamstreet, 2nd GOP unopposed
Legislative District 16 (McSally+17.58, Trump+28.37, Douglas+17, Romney+28.11)
LD16, out on the border between Pinal and Maricopa County, is probably the reddest district in Arizona that could still be relatively considered “suburban”. The only Democratic candidate is write-in House candidate Rev. Helen Hunter ($783 COH), and while her background is stellar (incl. past work with the NAACP, Mesa PD’s Use of Force Committee, and other community involvement), there isn’t even a guarantee she’ll make it onto the November ballot.
Meanwhile, Rep. Kelly Townsend ($15.5K COH) has tired of the State House (just like she tired of her furry fursona, and is running unopposed for State Senate.
The real drama, therefore, is in the GOP State House primary to win Townsend’s old seat. Incumbent Rep. John Fillmore ($12.9K COH) is running for another term, and seems set to win one of the two nominations. Townsend’s former seat is contested by respiratory therapist Liza Godzich ($14.6K COH) (who wins the “most moderate” title by default by virtue of taking COVID kinda seriously), CorpComm policy advisor Jacqueline Parker ($16.4K COH), and school choice activist/general lunatic Forest Moriarty ($17.7K COH).
Moriarty has the valuable Townsend endorsement, but has not been able to consolidate support easily elsewhere – Parker’s CorpComm ties let her bring quite a few assets of her own to bear, as well as endorsements from Congressman Andy Biggs and the NRA.
This election will be a test of Townsend’s downballot coattails, as well as those of the school choice movement in AZ parlaying any support they may have into legislative results. Success for Moriarty here could go as far as inspiring Townsend to run for Governor. We’ll see if it comes to that.
hunter15991 Rating: No Dem. filed (pending write-in), Townsend unopposed, Lean Fillmore, Tossup ParkeMoriarty, GOP unopposed in general
Legislative District 17 (Sinema+3.53, Trump+4.09, Douglas+3.12, Romney+14.16)
One of the reasons I significantly delayed writing these writeups was because I was dreading writing about LD17. Not to doxx myself completely, but in 2018 I had far too many negative encounters with the incumbent Democratic Representative, Jennifer Pawlik ($101.3K COH) that made me routinely question my support of her. I’m still trying to heal the wounds in multiple relationships I have with friends that were caused by Pawlik’s actions.
I deeply regret ever lifting a finger to help her when I had opportunities in other districts. But because her actions never got physical, because the stakes are so high this year, and because too much unsubstantiated negative talk about a candidate can get a post deleted - I don’t wish to publicly expound on her actions (nor put words in the mouth of other people who interacted with her). Feel free to PM if interested.
Pawlik as a candidate is a grab-bag. On paper she’d be a strong option for a suburban district – a teacher and education funding activist with a prior win during the 2018 wave. However, behind the scenes she is quite a poor campaigner in ways that directly impact Democratic candidates’ odds and presences in the district, including her own - which makes me more apprehensive of her odds of re-election than her fellow Jennifer in HD18 (Rep. Jennifer Jermaine), who’s quite similar to Pawlik on the whole.
Pawlik’s Senate runningmate this year is local businessman and first-generation American Ajlan “AJ” Kurdoglu ($51.5K COH). AJ’s a good guy and more serious of a campaigner than Pawlik, and is on well enough terms with her that no inter-candidate drama will probably happen this fall (which would be a welcome change for the district). He’s been slightly outpacing her in fundraising and seems to be hitting the ground running.
The Republican incumbents in this district are Sen. JD Mesnard ($102.6K COH), who moonlights as legal counsel for an organization categorized as a hate group by the SPLC, and Jeff Wenninger ($117.8K COH), a backbench Bitcoin bro. Wenninger and Mesnard have both been in their seats for a while, and this cycle were backing Chandler Vice Mayor (and JD Mesnard’s mom) Nora Ellen for the other State House seat – Ellen lost to Pawlik in 2018.
But in a stroke of luck for Pawlik, Ellen failed to qualify for the ballot this year. However, in a similar stroke of luck for the GOP Liz Harris ($27.3K COH, $21.3K self-funded) - a local realtor (like Ellen) - did qualify. I’ve yet to discern just how close she is with Mesnard and Wenninger, and how much cash she is willing to dump into this race, but in terms of how random non-GOP establishment candidates the LD17 Republicans could have done far worse than Harris.
All the pieces in this district would point to a shift even further left than it was in 2018, and had I not known what I know about Pawlik this would be a Tilt D House/Tossup Senate. But I don’t know if she’s changed since 2018 - and if she hasn’t, there is no guarantee that she won’t snatch defeat from the jaws of victory.
hunter15991 Rating: Primaries uncontested, Tilt Mesnard, Tossup House (Pawlik/Harris), Safe Wenninger
Legislative District 18 (Sinema+18.58, Clinton+10.39, Garcia+12.5, Romney+1.93)
Like LD10 in the previous part of my writeup, the situation in LD18 is another blast of the proverbial Gjallarhorn for the AZ-GOP’s suburban chances. Once a very competitive district (fully red as recently as 2016), LD18 is now held by 3 Democrats – Sen. Sean Bowie ($106.3K COH), Rep. Jennifer Jermaine ($65.7K COH), and Rep. Mitzi Epstein ($60.8K COH). Bowie and Epstein have carved rather moderate paths in their respective houses having been elected back when this district was more competitive, while Jermaine’s tacked a bit more to the left, and has been a prominent voice for increasing education funding (prior to running for the State House she was a public school funding activist and IIRC Moms Demand Action member) and for missing indigenous women (Jermaine is part indigenous herself).
The GOP’s troubles in this district started around the filing deadline, when one of their candidates, Alyssa Shearer, withdrew from the primary. Super anti-abortion nut Don Hawker ($619 COH) filed as a write-in candidate to replace her, but it’s uncertain if he’ll qualify for the general election. Their other House candidate, Bob Robson ($11K COH) is on paper a solid candidate (being a former Speaker Pro Tem of the state house), but lost by the equivalent of 6% to Epstein in 2016 and by 19% when he ran for Kyrene Justice of the Peace (a district that roughly matches the boundaries of LD18. Robson’s an old warhorse) - going 0 for 2 since 2014. It’s a sign of the times that he and discount Scott Roeder are the two potential House candidates for the GOP in this district.
In the Senate, the GOP doesn’t fare much better. Real estate agent Suzanne Sharer ($4.2K COH) is trying to run a semblance of a decent race against Sen. Bowie, but keeps using her campaign Twitter (@blondeandsmart – I promise you that’s a real handle) to retweet QAnon shit. Sharer is going nowhere in November. That’s if she makes it to November, given her past retweets advocating for people to drink bleach to cure COVID.
hunter15991 Rating: Primaries uncontested, All Safe Dem. general
Legislative District 19 (Sinema+44.97, Clinton+40.25, Garcia+32.38, Obama+34.3)
LD19 is a safe Democratic district in the West Valley, where all the drama is happening in the primary. Rep. Lorenzo Sierra ($9.3K COH) and Rep. Diego Espinoza ($25.2K COH) are both running for re-election, defending their seats against challenger Leezah Sun ($5.1K COH), a local activist. Sierra and Espinoza haven’t been particularly conservative in their voting records in the legislator, but have taken some flack from the more progressive wing of the party lately for outside corporate expenditures in this primary. I’m honestly unsure why these PACs are weighing in given that Sun isn’t running all that good of a campaign, but I guess better spend it here than in tighter primaries. Assistant State Minority Leader Lupe Contreras ($7.2K COH) is unopposed in his primary.
In the general, there’s one GOP candidate for both House and Senate, but both are write-ins and could possibly not qualify for the ballot. For now, Democrats are unopposed in this district in the general.
hunter15991 Contreras uncontested, Safe Sierra, Safe Espinoza, Uncontested Dem. general
Legislative District 20 (Sinema+3.7, Trump+8.01, Douglas+0.04, Romney+12.87)
LD20 is another suburban district where Democrats could see sizable gains this fall. Won by Sinema and Maricopa County Recorder Adrian Fontes, and almost snagged by David Garcia during the 2014 Superintendent race, LD20 has been on the Arizona Democratic Party’s mind for a few cycles now. Their candidates this year are strong – 2018 Senate nominee Doug Ervin ($94.6K COH) has filed for a rematch after losing by 4 in 2018 (where an independent ex-GOP candidate took 7% - Ervin claims Quelland actually hurt him more than district Republicans), and retired teacher Judy Schweibert ($158.2K COH) is running for House. Both are running bang-up campaigns and seem set to make November a problem for local Republicans, and Ervin has eschewed the public funding he took last time in order to be able to fundraise better for the slugfest ahead.
The local GOP, however, isn’t taking this lying down. Representatives Shawnna Bolick ($161.8K COH) - who was almost bumped off the ballot for using a PO Box as her filing address - and Anthony Kern ($73.4K COH) - an ex-cop on the Brady “untrustworthy cop” list - have been building their warchests in preparation for this cycle after narrowly hanging on in 2018 (despite both Democrats in that race running with public funding). While Bolick has typically stayed out of especially heinous controversy on social media (despite once posting that all masks come from Wuhan and are thus contaminated with COVID), Kern’s time on the force seems to have stuck with him, and his Twitter feed is full of a lot of pro-cop posts and whatnot. With Schweibert running as a single-shot candidate this year I can see Kern’s tendency of accidentally discharging his foot into his mouth finally coming back to bite him.
On the Senate side the past election results are slightly more promising than the House, but the opponent is tougher as well. Sen. Paul Boyer ($50.5K COH) is probably the closest there is to a living John McCain in the Arizona Legislature (not to deify him too much – he’s still conservative), having blocked two GOP budgets in the past two years along with Sen. Heather Carter (see LD15). In 2019 this was over a child sexual assault reform bill (extending the statute of limitations), and in 2020 this was over a lack of funding to firefighters and university students in the emergency “skinny” COVID budget the legislature passed in the spring. His attempts at moderation are visible outside of that: Boyer’s abysmal Q2 fundraising – per his own words – came from not fundraising at all during the 5 month long legislative session despite campaign finance rules only banning lobbyist contributions during the session (and I guess that’s commendable self-policing), and on his website he stops just short of calling for abortion to be banned, which makes him Margaret fucking Sanger among the current AZ-GOP.
That’s not to say that people shouldn’t support Ervin with all it takes – hell, if anything he’ll need more help to oust Boyer. Ultimately I think Ervin holds a narrow lead in this race with the absence of Quelland and with far better fundraising than what the LD20 slate had last year, but the election is still quite far away. If I had to pick one Democrat to win in this district, it’d be Schweibert.
hunter15991 Rating: Primaries uncontested, Tilt Ervin, Tilt Schweibert, 2nd House uncontested
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Why i’m bullish on Zilliqa (long read)

Edit: TL;DR added in the comments
 
Hey all, I've been researching coins since 2017 and have gone through 100s of them in the last 3 years. I got introduced to blockchain via Bitcoin of course, analyzed Ethereum thereafter and from that moment I have a keen interest in smart contact platforms. I’m passionate about Ethereum but I find Zilliqa to have a better risk-reward ratio. Especially because Zilliqa has found an elegant balance between being secure, decentralized and scalable in my opinion.
 
Below I post my analysis of why from all the coins I went through I’m most bullish on Zilliqa (yes I went through Tezos, EOS, NEO, VeChain, Harmony, Algorand, Cardano etc.). Note that this is not investment advice and although it's a thorough analysis there is obviously some bias involved. Looking forward to what you all think!
 
Fun fact: the name Zilliqa is a play on ‘silica’ silicon dioxide which means “Silicon for the high-throughput consensus computer.”
 
This post is divided into (i) Technology, (ii) Business & Partnerships, and (iii) Marketing & Community. I’ve tried to make the technology part readable for a broad audience. If you’ve ever tried understanding the inner workings of Bitcoin and Ethereum you should be able to grasp most parts. Otherwise, just skim through and once you are zoning out head to the next part.
 
Technology and some more:
 
Introduction
 
The technology is one of the main reasons why I’m so bullish on Zilliqa. First thing you see on their website is: “Zilliqa is a high-performance, high-security blockchain platform for enterprises and next-generation applications.” These are some bold statements.
 
Before we deep dive into the technology let’s take a step back in time first as they have quite the history. The initial research paper from which Zilliqa originated dates back to August 2016: Elastico: A Secure Sharding Protocol For Open Blockchains where Loi Luu (Kyber Network) is one of the co-authors. Other ideas that led to the development of what Zilliqa has become today are: Bitcoin-NG, collective signing CoSi, ByzCoin and Omniledger.
 
The technical white paper was made public in August 2017 and since then they have achieved everything stated in the white paper and also created their own open source intermediate level smart contract language called Scilla (functional programming language similar to OCaml) too.
 
Mainnet is live since the end of January 2019 with daily transaction rates growing continuously. About a week ago mainnet reached 5 million transactions, 500.000+ addresses in total along with 2400 nodes keeping the network decentralized and secure. Circulating supply is nearing 11 billion and currently only mining rewards are left. The maximum supply is 21 billion with annual inflation being 7.13% currently and will only decrease with time.
 
Zilliqa realized early on that the usage of public cryptocurrencies and smart contracts were increasing but decentralized, secure, and scalable alternatives were lacking in the crypto space. They proposed to apply sharding onto a public smart contract blockchain where the transaction rate increases almost linear with the increase in the amount of nodes. More nodes = higher transaction throughput and increased decentralization. Sharding comes in many forms and Zilliqa uses network-, transaction- and computational sharding. Network sharding opens up the possibility of using transaction- and computational sharding on top. Zilliqa does not use state sharding for now. We’ll come back to this later.
 
Before we continue dissecting how Zilliqa achieves such from a technological standpoint it’s good to keep in mind that a blockchain being decentralised and secure and scalable is still one of the main hurdles in allowing widespread usage of decentralised networks. In my opinion this needs to be solved first before blockchains can get to the point where they can create and add large scale value. So I invite you to read the next section to grasp the underlying fundamentals. Because after all these premises need to be true otherwise there isn’t a fundamental case to be bullish on Zilliqa, right?
 
Down the rabbit hole
 
How have they achieved this? Let’s define the basics first: key players on Zilliqa are the users and the miners. A user is anybody who uses the blockchain to transfer funds or run smart contracts. Miners are the (shard) nodes in the network who run the consensus protocol and get rewarded for their service in Zillings (ZIL). The mining network is divided into several smaller networks called shards, which is also referred to as ‘network sharding’. Miners subsequently are randomly assigned to a shard by another set of miners called DS (Directory Service) nodes. The regular shards process transactions and the outputs of these shards are eventually combined by the DS shard as they reach consensus on the final state. More on how these DS shards reach consensus (via pBFT) will be explained later on.
 
The Zilliqa network produces two types of blocks: DS blocks and Tx blocks. One DS Block consists of 100 Tx Blocks. And as previously mentioned there are two types of nodes concerned with reaching consensus: shard nodes and DS nodes. Becoming a shard node or DS node is being defined by the result of a PoW cycle (Ethash) at the beginning of the DS Block. All candidate mining nodes compete with each other and run the PoW (Proof-of-Work) cycle for 60 seconds and the submissions achieving the highest difficulty will be allowed on the network. And to put it in perspective: the average difficulty for one DS node is ~ 2 Th/s equaling 2.000.000 Mh/s or 55 thousand+ GeForce GTX 1070 / 8 GB GPUs at 35.4 Mh/s. Each DS Block 10 new DS nodes are allowed. And a shard node needs to provide around 8.53 GH/s currently (around 240 GTX 1070s). Dual mining ETH/ETC and ZIL is possible and can be done via mining software such as Phoenix and Claymore. There are pools and if you have large amounts of hashing power (Ethash) available you could mine solo.
 
The PoW cycle of 60 seconds is a peak performance and acts as an entry ticket to the network. The entry ticket is called a sybil resistance mechanism and makes it incredibly hard for adversaries to spawn lots of identities and manipulate the network with these identities. And after every 100 Tx Blocks which corresponds to roughly 1,5 hour this PoW process repeats. In between these 1,5 hour, no PoW needs to be done meaning Zilliqa’s energy consumption to keep the network secure is low. For more detailed information on how mining works click here.
Okay, hats off to you. You have made it this far. Before we go any deeper down the rabbit hole we first must understand why Zilliqa goes through all of the above technicalities and understand a bit more what a blockchain on a more fundamental level is. Because the core of Zilliqa’s consensus protocol relies on the usage of pBFT (practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance) we need to know more about state machines and their function. Navigate to Viewblock, a Zilliqa block explorer, and just come back to this article. We will use this site to navigate through a few concepts.
 
We have established that Zilliqa is a public and distributed blockchain. Meaning that everyone with an internet connection can send ZILs, trigger smart contracts, etc. and there is no central authority who fully controls the network. Zilliqa and other public and distributed blockchains (like Bitcoin and Ethereum) can also be defined as state machines.
 
Taking the liberty of paraphrasing examples and definitions given by Samuel Brooks’ medium article, he describes the definition of a blockchain (like Zilliqa) as: “A peer-to-peer, append-only datastore that uses consensus to synchronize cryptographically-secure data”.
 
Next, he states that: "blockchains are fundamentally systems for managing valid state transitions”. For some more context, I recommend reading the whole medium article to get a better grasp of the definitions and understanding of state machines. Nevertheless, let’s try to simplify and compile it into a single paragraph. Take traffic lights as an example: all its states (red, amber, and green) are predefined, all possible outcomes are known and it doesn’t matter if you encounter the traffic light today or tomorrow. It will still behave the same. Managing the states of a traffic light can be done by triggering a sensor on the road or pushing a button resulting in one traffic lights’ state going from green to red (via amber) and another light from red to green.
 
With public blockchains like Zilliqa, this isn’t so straightforward and simple. It started with block #1 almost 1,5 years ago and every 45 seconds or so a new block linked to the previous block is being added. Resulting in a chain of blocks with transactions in it that everyone can verify from block #1 to the current #647.000+ block. The state is ever changing and the states it can find itself in are infinite. And while the traffic light might work together in tandem with various other traffic lights, it’s rather insignificant comparing it to a public blockchain. Because Zilliqa consists of 2400 nodes who need to work together to achieve consensus on what the latest valid state is while some of these nodes may have latency or broadcast issues, drop offline or are deliberately trying to attack the network, etc.
 
Now go back to the Viewblock page take a look at the amount of transaction, addresses, block and DS height and then hit refresh. Obviously as expected you see new incremented values on one or all parameters. And how did the Zilliqa blockchain manage to transition from a previous valid state to the latest valid state? By using pBFT to reach consensus on the latest valid state.
 
After having obtained the entry ticket, miners execute pBFT to reach consensus on the ever-changing state of the blockchain. pBFT requires a series of network communication between nodes, and as such there is no GPU involved (but CPU). Resulting in the total energy consumed to keep the blockchain secure, decentralized and scalable being low.
 
pBFT stands for practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance and is an optimization on the Byzantine Fault Tolerant algorithm. To quote Blockonomi: “In the context of distributed systems, Byzantine Fault Tolerance is the ability of a distributed computer network to function as desired and correctly reach a sufficient consensus despite malicious components (nodes) of the system failing or propagating incorrect information to other peers.” Zilliqa is such a distributed computer network and depends on the honesty of the nodes (shard and DS) to reach consensus and to continuously update the state with the latest block. If pBFT is a new term for you I can highly recommend the Blockonomi article.
 
The idea of pBFT was introduced in 1999 - one of the authors even won a Turing award for it - and it is well researched and applied in various blockchains and distributed systems nowadays. If you want more advanced information than the Blockonomi link provides click here. And if you’re in between Blockonomi and the University of Singapore read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 2 dating from October 2017.
Quoting from the Zilliqa tech whitepaper: “pBFT relies upon a correct leader (which is randomly selected) to begin each phase and proceed when the sufficient majority exists. In case the leader is byzantine it can stall the entire consensus protocol. To address this challenge, pBFT offers a view change protocol to replace the byzantine leader with another one.”
 
pBFT can tolerate ⅓ of the nodes being dishonest (offline counts as Byzantine = dishonest) and the consensus protocol will function without stalling or hiccups. Once there are more than ⅓ of dishonest nodes but no more than ⅔ the network will be stalled and a view change will be triggered to elect a new DS leader. Only when more than ⅔ of the nodes are dishonest (66%) double-spend attacks become possible.
 
If the network stalls no transactions can be processed and one has to wait until a new honest leader has been elected. When the mainnet was just launched and in its early phases, view changes happened regularly. As of today the last stalling of the network - and view change being triggered - was at the end of October 2019.
 
Another benefit of using pBFT for consensus besides low energy is the immediate finality it provides. Once your transaction is included in a block and the block is added to the chain it’s done. Lastly, take a look at this article where three types of finality are being defined: probabilistic, absolute and economic finality. Zilliqa falls under the absolute finality (just like Tendermint for example). Although lengthy already we skipped through some of the inner workings from Zilliqa’s consensus: read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 3 and you will be close to having a complete picture on it. Enough about PoW, sybil resistance mechanism, pBFT, etc. Another thing we haven’t looked at yet is the amount of decentralization.
 
Decentralisation
 
Currently, there are four shards, each one of them consisting of 600 nodes. 1 shard with 600 so-called DS nodes (Directory Service - they need to achieve a higher difficulty than shard nodes) and 1800 shard nodes of which 250 are shard guards (centralized nodes controlled by the team). The amount of shard guards has been steadily declining from 1200 in January 2019 to 250 as of May 2020. On the Viewblock statistics, you can see that many of the nodes are being located in the US but those are only the (CPU parts of the) shard nodes who perform pBFT. There is no data from where the PoW sources are coming. And when the Zilliqa blockchain starts reaching its transaction capacity limit, a network upgrade needs to be executed to lift the current cap of maximum 2400 nodes to allow more nodes and formation of more shards which will allow to network to keep on scaling according to demand.
Besides shard nodes there are also seed nodes. The main role of seed nodes is to serve as direct access points (for end-users and clients) to the core Zilliqa network that validates transactions. Seed nodes consolidate transaction requests and forward these to the lookup nodes (another type of nodes) for distribution to the shards in the network. Seed nodes also maintain the entire transaction history and the global state of the blockchain which is needed to provide services such as block explorers. Seed nodes in the Zilliqa network are comparable to Infura on Ethereum.
 
The seed nodes were first only operated by Zilliqa themselves, exchanges and Viewblock. Operators of seed nodes like exchanges had no incentive to open them for the greater public. They were centralised at first. Decentralisation at the seed nodes level has been steadily rolled out since March 2020 ( Zilliqa Improvement Proposal 3 ). Currently the amount of seed nodes is being increased, they are public-facing and at the same time PoS is applied to incentivize seed node operators and make it possible for ZIL holders to stake and earn passive yields. Important distinction: seed nodes are not involved with consensus! That is still PoW as entry ticket and pBFT for the actual consensus.
 
5% of the block rewards are being assigned to seed nodes (from the beginning in 2019) and those are being used to pay out ZIL stakers. The 5% block rewards with an annual yield of 10.03% translate to roughly 610 MM ZILs in total that can be staked. Exchanges use the custodial variant of staking and wallets like Moonlet will use the non-custodial version (starting in Q3 2020). Staking is being done by sending ZILs to a smart contract created by Zilliqa and audited by Quantstamp.
 
With a high amount of DS; shard nodes and seed nodes becoming more decentralized too, Zilliqa qualifies for the label of decentralized in my opinion.
 
Smart contracts
 
Let me start by saying I’m not a developer and my programming skills are quite limited. So I‘m taking the ELI5 route (maybe 12) but if you are familiar with Javascript, Solidity or specifically OCaml please head straight to Scilla - read the docs to get a good initial grasp of how Zilliqa’s smart contract language Scilla works and if you ask yourself “why another programming language?” check this article. And if you want to play around with some sample contracts in an IDE click here. The faucet can be found here. And more information on architecture, dapp development and API can be found on the Developer Portal.
If you are more into listening and watching: check this recent webinar explaining Zilliqa and Scilla. Link is time-stamped so you’ll start right away with a platform introduction, roadmap 2020 and afterwards a proper Scilla introduction.
 
Generalized: programming languages can be divided into being ‘object-oriented’ or ‘functional’. Here is an ELI5 given by software development academy: * “all programs have two basic components, data – what the program knows – and behavior – what the program can do with that data. So object-oriented programming states that combining data and related behaviors in one place, is called “object”, which makes it easier to understand how a particular program works. On the other hand, functional programming argues that data and behavior are different things and should be separated to ensure their clarity.” *
 
Scilla is on the functional side and shares similarities with OCaml: OCaml is a general-purpose programming language with an emphasis on expressiveness and safety. It has an advanced type system that helps catch your mistakes without getting in your way. It's used in environments where a single mistake can cost millions and speed matters, is supported by an active community, and has a rich set of libraries and development tools. For all its power, OCaml is also pretty simple, which is one reason it's often used as a teaching language.
 
Scilla is blockchain agnostic, can be implemented onto other blockchains as well, is recognized by academics and won a so-called Distinguished Artifact Award award at the end of last year.
 
One of the reasons why the Zilliqa team decided to create their own programming language focused on preventing smart contract vulnerabilities is that adding logic on a blockchain, programming, means that you cannot afford to make mistakes. Otherwise, it could cost you. It’s all great and fun blockchains being immutable but updating your code because you found a bug isn’t the same as with a regular web application for example. And with smart contracts, it inherently involves cryptocurrencies in some form thus value.
 
Another difference with programming languages on a blockchain is gas. Every transaction you do on a smart contract platform like Zilliqa or Ethereum costs gas. With gas you basically pay for computational costs. Sending a ZIL from address A to address B costs 0.001 ZIL currently. Smart contracts are more complex, often involve various functions and require more gas (if gas is a new concept click here ).
 
So with Scilla, similar to Solidity, you need to make sure that “every function in your smart contract will run as expected without hitting gas limits. An improper resource analysis may lead to situations where funds may get stuck simply because a part of the smart contract code cannot be executed due to gas limits. Such constraints are not present in traditional software systems”. Scilla design story part 1
 
Some examples of smart contract issues you’d want to avoid are: leaking funds, ‘unexpected changes to critical state variables’ (example: someone other than you setting his or her address as the owner of the smart contract after creation) or simply killing a contract.
 
Scilla also allows for formal verification. Wikipedia to the rescue: In the context of hardware and software systems, formal verification is the act of proving or disproving the correctness of intended algorithms underlying a system with respect to a certain formal specification or property, using formal methods of mathematics.
 
Formal verification can be helpful in proving the correctness of systems such as: cryptographic protocols, combinational circuits, digital circuits with internal memory, and software expressed as source code.
 
Scilla is being developed hand-in-hand with formalization of its semantics and its embedding into the Coq proof assistant — a state-of-the art tool for mechanized proofs about properties of programs.”
 
Simply put, with Scilla and accompanying tooling developers can be mathematically sure and proof that the smart contract they’ve written does what he or she intends it to do.
 
Smart contract on a sharded environment and state sharding
 
There is one more topic I’d like to touch on: smart contract execution in a sharded environment (and what is the effect of state sharding). This is a complex topic. I’m not able to explain it any easier than what is posted here. But I will try to compress the post into something easy to digest.
 
Earlier on we have established that Zilliqa can process transactions in parallel due to network sharding. This is where the linear scalability comes from. We can define simple transactions: a transaction from address A to B (Category 1), a transaction where a user interacts with one smart contract (Category 2) and the most complex ones where triggering a transaction results in multiple smart contracts being involved (Category 3). The shards are able to process transactions on their own without interference of the other shards. With Category 1 transactions that is doable, with Category 2 transactions sometimes if that address is in the same shard as the smart contract but with Category 3 you definitely need communication between the shards. Solving that requires to make a set of communication rules the protocol needs to follow in order to process all transactions in a generalised fashion.
 
And this is where the downsides of state sharding comes in currently. All shards in Zilliqa have access to the complete state. Yes the state size (0.1 GB at the moment) grows and all of the nodes need to store it but it also means that they don’t need to shop around for information available on other shards. Requiring more communication and adding more complexity. Computer science knowledge and/or developer knowledge required links if you want to dig further: Scilla - language grammar Scilla - Foundations for Verifiable Decentralised Computations on a Blockchain Gas Accounting NUS x Zilliqa: Smart contract language workshop
 
Easier to follow links on programming Scilla https://learnscilla.com/home Ivan on Tech
 
Roadmap / Zilliqa 2.0
 
There is no strict defined roadmap but here are topics being worked on. And via the Zilliqa website there is also more information on the projects they are working on.
 
Business & Partnerships
 
It’s not only technology in which Zilliqa seems to be excelling as their ecosystem has been expanding and starting to grow rapidly. The project is on a mission to provide OpenFinance (OpFi) to the world and Singapore is the right place to be due to its progressive regulations and futuristic thinking. Singapore has taken a proactive approach towards cryptocurrencies by introducing the Payment Services Act 2019 (PS Act). Among other things, the PS Act will regulate intermediaries dealing with certain cryptocurrencies, with a particular focus on consumer protection and anti-money laundering. It will also provide a stable regulatory licensing and operating framework for cryptocurrency entities, effectively covering all crypto businesses and exchanges based in Singapore. According to PWC 82% of the surveyed executives in Singapore reported blockchain initiatives underway and 13% of them have already brought the initiatives live to the market. There is also an increasing list of organizations that are starting to provide digital payment services. Moreover, Singaporean blockchain developers Building Cities Beyond has recently created an innovation $15 million grant to encourage development on its ecosystem. This all suggests that Singapore tries to position itself as (one of) the leading blockchain hubs in the world.
 
Zilliqa seems to already take advantage of this and recently helped launch Hg Exchange on their platform, together with financial institutions PhillipCapital, PrimePartners and Fundnel. Hg Exchange, which is now approved by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), uses smart contracts to represent digital assets. Through Hg Exchange financial institutions worldwide can use Zilliqa's safe-by-design smart contracts to enable the trading of private equities. For example, think of companies such as Grab, Airbnb, SpaceX that are not available for public trading right now. Hg Exchange will allow investors to buy shares of private companies & unicorns and capture their value before an IPO. Anquan, the main company behind Zilliqa, has also recently announced that they became a partner and shareholder in TEN31 Bank, which is a fully regulated bank allowing for tokenization of assets and is aiming to bridge the gap between conventional banking and the blockchain world. If STOs, the tokenization of assets, and equity trading will continue to increase, then Zilliqa’s public blockchain would be the ideal candidate due to its strategic positioning, partnerships, regulatory compliance and the technology that is being built on top of it.
 
What is also very encouraging is their focus on banking the un(der)banked. They are launching a stablecoin basket starting with XSGD. As many of you know, stablecoins are currently mostly used for trading. However, Zilliqa is actively trying to broaden the use case of stablecoins. I recommend everybody to read this text that Amrit Kumar wrote (one of the co-founders). These stablecoins will be integrated in the traditional markets and bridge the gap between the crypto world and the traditional world. This could potentially revolutionize and legitimise the crypto space if retailers and companies will for example start to use stablecoins for payments or remittances, instead of it solely being used for trading.
 
Zilliqa also released their DeFi strategic roadmap (dating November 2019) which seems to be aligning well with their OpFi strategy. A non-custodial DEX is coming to Zilliqa made by Switcheo which allows cross-chain trading (atomic swaps) between ETH, EOS and ZIL based tokens. They also signed a Memorandum of Understanding for a (soon to be announced) USD stablecoin. And as Zilliqa is all about regulations and being compliant, I’m speculating on it to be a regulated USD stablecoin. Furthermore, XSGD is already created and visible on block explorer and XIDR (Indonesian Stablecoin) is also coming soon via StraitsX. Here also an overview of the Tech Stack for Financial Applications from September 2019. Further quoting Amrit Kumar on this:
 
There are two basic building blocks in DeFi/OpFi though: 1) stablecoins as you need a non-volatile currency to get access to this market and 2) a dex to be able to trade all these financial assets. The rest are built on top of these blocks.
 
So far, together with our partners and community, we have worked on developing these building blocks with XSGD as a stablecoin. We are working on bringing a USD-backed stablecoin as well. We will soon have a decentralised exchange developed by Switcheo. And with HGX going live, we are also venturing into the tokenization space. More to come in the future.”
 
Additionally, they also have this ZILHive initiative that injects capital into projects. There have been already 6 waves of various teams working on infrastructure, innovation and research, and they are not from ASEAN or Singapore only but global: see Grantees breakdown by country. Over 60 project teams from over 20 countries have contributed to Zilliqa's ecosystem. This includes individuals and teams developing wallets, explorers, developer toolkits, smart contract testing frameworks, dapps, etc. As some of you may know, Unstoppable Domains (UD) blew up when they launched on Zilliqa. UD aims to replace cryptocurrency addresses with a human-readable name and allows for uncensorable websites. Zilliqa will probably be the only one able to handle all these transactions onchain due to ability to scale and its resulting low fees which is why the UD team launched this on Zilliqa in the first place. Furthermore, Zilliqa also has a strong emphasis on security, compliance, and privacy, which is why they partnered with companies like Elliptic, ChainSecurity (part of PwC Switzerland), and Incognito. Their sister company Aqilliz (Zilliqa spelled backwards) focuses on revolutionizing the digital advertising space and is doing interesting things like using Zilliqa to track outdoor digital ads with companies like Foodpanda.
 
Zilliqa is listed on nearly all major exchanges, having several different fiat-gateways and recently have been added to Binance’s margin trading and futures trading with really good volume. They also have a very impressive team with good credentials and experience. They don't just have “tech people”. They have a mix of tech people, business people, marketeers, scientists, and more. Naturally, it's good to have a mix of people with different skill sets if you work in the crypto space.
 
Marketing & Community
 
Zilliqa has a very strong community. If you just follow their Twitter their engagement is much higher for a coin that has approximately 80k followers. They also have been ‘coin of the day’ by LunarCrush many times. LunarCrush tracks real-time cryptocurrency value and social data. According to their data, it seems Zilliqa has a more fundamental and deeper understanding of marketing and community engagement than almost all other coins. While almost all coins have been a bit frozen in the last months, Zilliqa seems to be on its own bull run. It was somewhere in the 100s a few months ago and is currently ranked #46 on CoinGecko. Their official Telegram also has over 20k people and is very active, and their community channel which is over 7k now is more active and larger than many other official channels. Their local communities also seem to be growing.
 
Moreover, their community started ‘Zillacracy’ together with the Zilliqa core team ( see www.zillacracy.com ). It’s a community-run initiative where people from all over the world are now helping with marketing and development on Zilliqa. Since its launch in February 2020 they have been doing a lot and will also run their own non-custodial seed node for staking. This seed node will also allow them to start generating revenue for them to become a self sustaining entity that could potentially scale up to become a decentralized company working in parallel with the Zilliqa core team. Comparing it to all the other smart contract platforms (e.g. Cardano, EOS, Tezos etc.) they don't seem to have started a similar initiative (correct me if I’m wrong though). This suggests in my opinion that these other smart contract platforms do not fully understand how to utilize the ‘power of the community’. This is something you cannot ‘buy with money’ and gives many projects in the space a disadvantage.
 
Zilliqa also released two social products called SocialPay and Zeeves. SocialPay allows users to earn ZILs while tweeting with a specific hashtag. They have recently used it in partnership with the Singapore Red Cross for a marketing campaign after their initial pilot program. It seems like a very valuable social product with a good use case. I can see a lot of traditional companies entering the space through this product, which they seem to suggest will happen. Tokenizing hashtags with smart contracts to get network effect is a very smart and innovative idea.
 
Regarding Zeeves, this is a tipping bot for Telegram. They already have 1000s of signups and they plan to keep upgrading it for more and more people to use it (e.g. they recently have added a quiz features). They also use it during AMAs to reward people in real-time. It’s a very smart approach to grow their communities and get familiar with ZIL. I can see this becoming very big on Telegram. This tool suggests, again, that the Zilliqa team has a deeper understanding of what the crypto space and community needs and is good at finding the right innovative tools to grow and scale.
 
To be honest, I haven’t covered everything (i’m also reaching the character limited haha). So many updates happening lately that it's hard to keep up, such as the International Monetary Fund mentioning Zilliqa in their report, custodial and non-custodial Staking, Binance Margin, Futures, Widget, entering the Indian market, and more. The Head of Marketing Colin Miles has also released this as an overview of what is coming next. And last but not least, Vitalik Buterin has been mentioning Zilliqa lately acknowledging Zilliqa and mentioning that both projects have a lot of room to grow. There is much more info of course and a good part of it has been served to you on a silver platter. I invite you to continue researching by yourself :-) And if you have any comments or questions please post here!
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[WTS] HUGE Lot of Silver Coins, Bars, Junk, Slabs, Proof Sets, and More!

A have a lot of items to post so I will just get right into it. Want to cash out with the current price of Silver and due to the fact I will be moving in the upcoming year, it just makes sense to sell now.
Proof: https://imgur.com/a/gmZsdhz
Payment Accepted: Bitcoin or Crypto (5% discount if paying with crypto), PP F&F, Venmo, PP G&S (You must cover the fee)
Shipping: Shipping is $4 for anything under 1 LB and then will increase with the cost of shipping from there
First-person to purchase more than $250 worth of items will get a 1957 Franklin Half Dollar free!
Minimum Order: $25 + Shipping | Discounts for bulk orders

90% Silver Halfs Lot Of 10 $90
40% Silver Halfs Lot of 9 $31
1921 Morgan Silver Dollar $22.50
2014 Silver Panda MS 69 - First Releases $35
10 Oz Apmex Silver Pour $275
YPS 100g Silver Skull $107.50
Liberty Quarter Lot 4 $20
2018, 2017, 2014 Kookaburra 1 Oz Lot $75
2017 Australia 1 oz Silver Dragon Phoenix $45
2017, 2016 1 Oz Australia Koala $50
2017 Ukrain Archangel 1 Oz Silver $35
Lot of 24 Silver Dimes (Mercury, Roosevelt, and Barber(1982)) $50
2019 + 2017 ASE 1 Oz Lot $52
2017 Silver 1 Oz Krugerrand $44
2017 ASE 1 Oz Proof + Box & COA $50
2013 $20 Canada Silver 1Oz Maple Leaf (Red) - Box & COA $40
1998 $1 AUSTRALIAN Kookaburra 1 oz + Capsule $40
Lot of 3 1 Oz 2018 Chiwoo Cheonwang $75
Lot of 2 1 Oz 2017 Chiwoo Cheonwang $59
1989 Maple Leaf 1 Oz $26
2016 Canadian Buffalo 1 1/4 Oz $32
2016 Isle of Man Angel Reverse Proof 1 oz Silver $32.50
2012 $1 Australia Lunar Year Of The Dragon 1 Oz $35
2017 Australia 2 Oz Lunar Year Of The Rooster $60
Lot of 2015, 2016, 2017 African Ounce Rwanda Animals $90
2017 BU Rwanda Lunar Year of the Rooster 1 Oz $50
Proof Set SILVER: 2014 US Mint Proof Set $47.50
Proof Set SILVER: 2017 US Mint Proof Set $55
2018 2 oz Queen's Beast Black Bull of Clarence $70
Queen's Beasts The Red Dragon of Wales 2 oz $80
2016 Queen's Beast Lion of England 2 oz - Lot of 5 $300
2017 100 Cedis Ghanada Leopard (ERROR COIN) $200
Items will be shipped within 1 day of an order (shipped the day of or day after payment).
submitted by TheNewMe4Today to Pmsforsale [link] [comments]

Why i’m bullish on Zilliqa (long read)

Hey all, I've been researching coins since 2017 and have gone through 100s of them in the last 3 years. I got introduced to blockchain via Bitcoin of course, analysed Ethereum thereafter and from that moment I have a keen interest in smart contact platforms. I’m passionate about Ethereum but I find Zilliqa to have a better risk reward ratio. Especially because Zilliqa has found an elegant balance between being secure, decentralised and scalable in my opinion.
 
Below I post my analysis why from all the coins I went through I’m most bullish on Zilliqa (yes I went through Tezos, EOS, NEO, VeChain, Harmony, Algorand, Cardano etc.). Note that this is not investment advice and although it's a thorough analysis there is obviously some bias involved. Looking forward to what you all think!
 
Fun fact: the name Zilliqa is a play on ‘silica’ silicon dioxide which means “Silicon for the high-throughput consensus computer.”
 
This post is divided into (i) Technology, (ii) Business & Partnerships, and (iii) Marketing & Community. I’ve tried to make the technology part readable for a broad audience. If you’ve ever tried understanding the inner workings of Bitcoin and Ethereum you should be able to grasp most parts. Otherwise just skim through and once you are zoning out head to the next part.
 
Technology and some more:
 
Introduction The technology is one of the main reasons why I’m so bullish on Zilliqa. First thing you see on their website is: “Zilliqa is a high-performance, high-security blockchain platform for enterprises and next-generation applications.” These are some bold statements.
 
Before we deep dive into the technology let’s take a step back in time first as they have quite the history. The initial research paper from which Zilliqa originated dates back to August 2016: Elastico: A Secure Sharding Protocol For Open Blockchains where Loi Luu (Kyber Network) is one of the co-authors. Other ideas that led to the development of what Zilliqa has become today are: Bitcoin-NG, collective signing CoSi, ByzCoin and Omniledger.
 
The technical white paper was made public in August 2017 and since then they have achieved everything stated in the white paper and also created their own open source intermediate level smart contract language called Scilla (functional programming language similar to OCaml) too.
 
Mainnet is live since end of January 2019 with daily transaction rate growing continuously. About a week ago mainnet reached 5 million transactions, 500.000+ addresses in total along with 2400 nodes keeping the network decentralised and secure. Circulating supply is nearing 11 billion and currently only mining rewards are left. Maximum supply is 21 billion with annual inflation being 7.13% currently and will only decrease with time.
 
Zilliqa realised early on that the usage of public cryptocurrencies and smart contracts were increasing but decentralised, secure and scalable alternatives were lacking in the crypto space. They proposed to apply sharding onto a public smart contract blockchain where the transaction rate increases almost linear with the increase in amount of nodes. More nodes = higher transaction throughput and increased decentralisation. Sharding comes in many forms and Zilliqa uses network-, transaction- and computational sharding. Network sharding opens up the possibility of using transaction- and computational sharding on top. Zilliqa does not use state sharding for now. We’ll come back to this later.
 
Before we continue disecting how Zilliqa achieves such from a technological standpoint it’s good to keep in mind that a blockchain being decentralised and secure and scalable is still one of the main hurdles in allowing widespread usage of decentralised networks. In my opinion this needs to be solved first before blockchains can get to the point where they can create and add large scale value. So I invite you to read the next section to grasp the underlying fundamentals. Because after all these premises need to be true otherwise there isn’t a fundamental case to be bullish on Zilliqa, right?
 
Down the rabbit hole
 
How have they achieved this? Let’s define the basics first: key players on Zilliqa are the users and the miners. A user is anybody who uses the blockchain to transfer funds or run smart contracts. Miners are the (shard) nodes in the network who run the consensus protocol and get rewarded for their service in Zillings (ZIL). The mining network is divided into several smaller networks called shards, which is also referred to as ‘network sharding’. Miners subsequently are randomly assigned to a shard by another set of miners called DS (Directory Service) nodes. The regular shards process transactions and the outputs of these shards are eventually combined by the DS shard as they reach consensus on the final state. More on how these DS shards reach consensus (via pBFT) will be explained later on.
 
The Zilliqa network produces two types of blocks: DS blocks and Tx blocks. One DS Block consists of 100 Tx Blocks. And as previously mentioned there are two types of nodes concerned with reaching consensus: shard nodes and DS nodes. Becoming a shard node or DS node is being defined by the result of a PoW cycle (Ethash) at the beginning of the DS Block. All candidate mining nodes compete with each other and run the PoW (Proof-of-Work) cycle for 60 seconds and the submissions achieving the highest difficulty will be allowed on the network. And to put it in perspective: the average difficulty for one DS node is ~ 2 Th/s equaling 2.000.000 Mh/s or 55 thousand+ GeForce GTX 1070 / 8 GB GPUs at 35.4 Mh/s. Each DS Block 10 new DS nodes are allowed. And a shard node needs to provide around 8.53 GH/s currently (around 240 GTX 1070s). Dual mining ETH/ETC and ZIL is possible and can be done via mining software such as Phoenix and Claymore. There are pools and if you have large amounts of hashing power (Ethash) available you could mine solo.
 
The PoW cycle of 60 seconds is a peak performance and acts as an entry ticket to the network. The entry ticket is called a sybil resistance mechanism and makes it incredibly hard for adversaries to spawn lots of identities and manipulate the network with these identities. And after every 100 Tx Blocks which corresponds to roughly 1,5 hour this PoW process repeats. In between these 1,5 hour no PoW needs to be done meaning Zilliqa’s energy consumption to keep the network secure is low. For more detailed information on how mining works click here.
Okay, hats off to you. You have made it this far. Before we go any deeper down the rabbit hole we first must understand why Zilliqa goes through all of the above technicalities and understand a bit more what a blockchain on a more fundamental level is. Because the core of Zilliqa’s consensus protocol relies on the usage of pBFT (practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance) we need to know more about state machines and their function. Navigate to Viewblock, a Zilliqa block explorer, and just come back to this article. We will use this site to navigate through a few concepts.
 
We have established that Zilliqa is a public and distributed blockchain. Meaning that everyone with an internet connection can send ZILs, trigger smart contracts etc. and there is no central authority who fully controls the network. Zilliqa and other public and distributed blockchains (like Bitcoin and Ethereum) can also be defined as state machines.
 
Taking the liberty of paraphrasing examples and definitions given by Samuel Brooks’ medium article, he describes the definition of a blockchain (like Zilliqa) as:
“A peer-to-peer, append-only datastore that uses consensus to synchronise cryptographically-secure data”.
 
Next he states that: >“blockchains are fundamentally systems for managing valid state transitions”.* For some more context, I recommend reading the whole medium article to get a better grasp of the definitions and understanding of state machines. Nevertheless, let’s try to simplify and compile it into a single paragraph. Take traffic lights as an example: all its states (red, amber and green) are predefined, all possible outcomes are known and it doesn’t matter if you encounter the traffic light today or tomorrow. It will still behave the same. Managing the states of a traffic light can be done by triggering a sensor on the road or pushing a button resulting in one traffic lights’ state going from green to red (via amber) and another light from red to green.
 
With public blockchains like Zilliqa this isn’t so straightforward and simple. It started with block #1 almost 1,5 years ago and every 45 seconds or so a new block linked to the previous block is being added. Resulting in a chain of blocks with transactions in it that everyone can verify from block #1 to the current #647.000+ block. The state is ever changing and the states it can find itself in are infinite. And while the traffic light might work together in tandem with various other traffic lights, it’s rather insignificant comparing it to a public blockchain. Because Zilliqa consists of 2400 nodes who need to work together to achieve consensus on what the latest valid state is while some of these nodes may have latency or broadcast issues, drop offline or are deliberately trying to attack the network etc.
 
Now go back to the Viewblock page take a look at the amount of transaction, addresses, block and DS height and then hit refresh. Obviously as expected you see new incremented values on one or all parameters. And how did the Zilliqa blockchain manage to transition from a previous valid state to the latest valid state? By using pBFT to reach consensus on the latest valid state.
 
After having obtained the entry ticket, miners execute pBFT to reach consensus on the ever changing state of the blockchain. pBFT requires a series of network communication between nodes, and as such there is no GPU involved (but CPU). Resulting in the total energy consumed to keep the blockchain secure, decentralised and scalable being low.
 
pBFT stands for practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance and is an optimisation on the Byzantine Fault Tolerant algorithm. To quote Blockonomi: “In the context of distributed systems, Byzantine Fault Tolerance is the ability of a distributed computer network to function as desired and correctly reach a sufficient consensus despite malicious components (nodes) of the system failing or propagating incorrect information to other peers.” Zilliqa is such a distributed computer network and depends on the honesty of the nodes (shard and DS) to reach consensus and to continuously update the state with the latest block. If pBFT is a new term for you I can highly recommend the Blockonomi article.
 
The idea of pBFT was introduced in 1999 - one of the authors even won a Turing award for it - and it is well researched and applied in various blockchains and distributed systems nowadays. If you want more advanced information than the Blockonomi link provides click here. And if you’re in between Blockonomi and University of Singapore read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 2 dating from October 2017.
Quoting from the Zilliqa tech whitepaper: “pBFT relies upon a correct leader (which is randomly selected) to begin each phase and proceed when the sufficient majority exists. In case the leader is byzantine it can stall the entire consensus protocol. To address this challenge, pBFT offers a view change protocol to replace the byzantine leader with another one.”
 
pBFT can tolerate ⅓ of the nodes being dishonest (offline counts as Byzantine = dishonest) and the consensus protocol will function without stalling or hiccups. Once there are more than ⅓ of dishonest nodes but no more than ⅔ the network will be stalled and a view change will be triggered to elect a new DS leader. Only when more than ⅔ of the nodes are dishonest (>66%) double spend attacks become possible.
 
If the network stalls no transactions can be processed and one has to wait until a new honest leader has been elected. When the mainnet was just launched and in its early phases, view changes happened regularly. As of today the last stalling of the network - and view change being triggered - was at the end of October 2019.
 
Another benefit of using pBFT for consensus besides low energy is the immediate finality it provides. Once your transaction is included in a block and the block is added to the chain it’s done. Lastly, take a look at this article where three types of finality are being defined: probabilistic, absolute and economic finality. Zilliqa falls under the absolute finality (just like Tendermint for example). Although lengthy already we skipped through some of the inner workings from Zilliqa’s consensus: read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 3 and you will be close to having a complete picture on it. Enough about PoW, sybil resistance mechanism, pBFT etc. Another thing we haven’t looked at yet is the amount of decentralisation.
 
Decentralisation
 
Currently there are four shards, each one of them consisting of 600 nodes. 1 shard with 600 so called DS nodes (Directory Service - they need to achieve a higher difficulty than shard nodes) and 1800 shard nodes of which 250 are shard guards (centralised nodes controlled by the team). The amount of shard guards has been steadily declining from 1200 in January 2019 to 250 as of May 2020. On the Viewblock statistics you can see that many of the nodes are being located in the US but those are only the (CPU parts of the) shard nodes who perform pBFT. There is no data from where the PoW sources are coming. And when the Zilliqa blockchain starts reaching their transaction capacity limit, a network upgrade needs to be executed to lift the current cap of maximum 2400 nodes to allow more nodes and formation of more shards which will allow to network to keep on scaling according to demand.
Besides shard nodes there are also seed nodes. The main role of seed nodes is to serve as direct access points (for end users and clients) to the core Zilliqa network that validates transactions. Seed nodes consolidate transaction requests and forward these to the lookup nodes (another type of nodes) for distribution to the shards in the network. Seed nodes also maintain the entire transaction history and the global state of the blockchain which is needed to provide services such as block explorers. Seed nodes in the Zilliqa network are comparable to Infura on Ethereum.
 
The seed nodes were first only operated by Zilliqa themselves, exchanges and Viewblock. Operators of seed nodes like exchanges had no incentive to open them for the greater public.They were centralised at first. Decentralisation at the seed nodes level has been steadily rolled out since March 2020 ( Zilliqa Improvement Proposal 3 ). Currently the amount of seed nodes is being increased, they are public facing and at the same time PoS is applied to incentivize seed node operators and make it possible for ZIL holders to stake and earn passive yields. Important distinction: seed nodes are not involved with consensus! That is still PoW as entry ticket and pBFT for the actual consensus.
 
5% of the block rewards are being assigned to seed nodes (from the beginning in 2019) and those are being used to pay out ZIL stakers.The 5% block rewards with an annual yield of 10.03% translates to roughly 610 MM ZILs in total that can be staked. Exchanges use the custodial variant of staking and wallets like Moonlet will use the non custodial version (starting in Q3 2020). Staking is being done by sending ZILs to a smart contract created by Zilliqa and audited by Quantstamp.
 
With a high amount of DS & shard nodes and seed nodes becoming more decentralised too, Zilliqa qualifies for the label of decentralised in my opinion.
 
Smart contracts
 
Let me start by saying I’m not a developer and my programming skills are quite limited. So I‘m taking the ELI5 route (maybe 12) but if you are familiar with Javascript, Solidity or specifically OCaml please head straight to Scilla - read the docs to get a good initial grasp of how Zilliqa’s smart contract language Scilla works and if you ask yourself “why another programming language?” check this article. And if you want to play around with some sample contracts in an IDE click here. Faucet can be found here. And more information on architecture, dapp development and API can be found on the Developer Portal.
If you are more into listening and watching: check this recent webinar explaining Zilliqa and Scilla. Link is time stamped so you’ll start right away with a platform introduction, R&D roadmap 2020 and afterwards a proper Scilla introduction.
 
Generalised: programming languages can be divided into being ‘object oriented’ or ‘functional’. Here is an ELI5 given by software development academy: > “all programmes have two basic components, data – what the programme knows – and behaviour – what the programme can do with that data. So object-oriented programming states that combining data and related behaviours in one place, is called “object”, which makes it easier to understand how a particular program works. On the other hand, functional programming argues that data and behaviour are different things and should be separated to ensure their clarity.”
 
Scilla is on the functional side and shares similarities with OCaml: > OCaml is a general purpose programming language with an emphasis on expressiveness and safety. It has an advanced type system that helps catch your mistakes without getting in your way. It's used in environments where a single mistake can cost millions and speed matters, is supported by an active community, and has a rich set of libraries and development tools. For all its power, OCaml is also pretty simple, which is one reason it's often used as a teaching language.
 
Scilla is blockchain agnostic, can be implemented onto other blockchains as well, is recognised by academics and won a so called Distinguished Artifact Award award at the end of last year.
 
One of the reasons why the Zilliqa team decided to create their own programming language focused on preventing smart contract vulnerabilities safety is that adding logic on a blockchain, programming, means that you cannot afford to make mistakes. Otherwise it could cost you. It’s all great and fun blockchains being immutable but updating your code because you found a bug isn’t the same as with a regular web application for example. And with smart contracts it inherently involves cryptocurrencies in some form thus value.
 
Another difference with programming languages on a blockchain is gas. Every transaction you do on a smart contract platform like Zilliqa for Ethereum costs gas. With gas you basically pay for computational costs. Sending a ZIL from address A to address B costs 0.001 ZIL currently. Smart contracts are more complex, often involve various functions and require more gas (if gas is a new concept click here ).
 
So with Scilla, similar to Solidity, you need to make sure that “every function in your smart contract will run as expected without hitting gas limits. An improper resource analysis may lead to situations where funds may get stuck simply because a part of the smart contract code cannot be executed due to gas limits. Such constraints are not present in traditional software systems”. Scilla design story part 1
 
Some examples of smart contract issues you’d want to avoid are: leaking funds, ‘unexpected changes to critical state variables’ (example: someone other than you setting his or her address as the owner of the smart contract after creation) or simply killing a contract.
 
Scilla also allows for formal verification. Wikipedia to the rescue:
In the context of hardware and software systems, formal verification is the act of proving or disproving the correctness of intended algorithms underlying a system with respect to a certain formal specification or property, using formal methods of mathematics.
 
Formal verification can be helpful in proving the correctness of systems such as: cryptographic protocols, combinational circuits, digital circuits with internal memory, and software expressed as source code.
 
Scilla is being developed hand-in-hand with formalization of its semantics and its embedding into the Coq proof assistant — a state-of-the art tool for mechanized proofs about properties of programs.”
 
Simply put, with Scilla and accompanying tooling developers can be mathematically sure and proof that the smart contract they’ve written does what he or she intends it to do.
 
Smart contract on a sharded environment and state sharding
 
There is one more topic I’d like to touch on: smart contract execution in a sharded environment (and what is the effect of state sharding). This is a complex topic. I’m not able to explain it any easier than what is posted here. But I will try to compress the post into something easy to digest.
 
Earlier on we have established that Zilliqa can process transactions in parallel due to network sharding. This is where the linear scalability comes from. We can define simple transactions: a transaction from address A to B (Category 1), a transaction where a user interacts with one smart contract (Category 2) and the most complex ones where triggering a transaction results in multiple smart contracts being involved (Category 3). The shards are able to process transactions on their own without interference of the other shards. With Category 1 transactions that is doable, with Category 2 transactions sometimes if that address is in the same shard as the smart contract but with Category 3 you definitely need communication between the shards. Solving that requires to make a set of communication rules the protocol needs to follow in order to process all transactions in a generalised fashion.
 
And this is where the downsides of state sharding comes in currently. All shards in Zilliqa have access to the complete state. Yes the state size (0.1 GB at the moment) grows and all of the nodes need to store it but it also means that they don’t need to shop around for information available on other shards. Requiring more communication and adding more complexity. Computer science knowledge and/or developer knowledge required links if you want to dig further: Scilla - language grammar Scilla - Foundations for Verifiable Decentralised Computations on a Blockchain Gas Accounting NUS x Zilliqa: Smart contract language workshop
 
Easier to follow links on programming Scilla https://learnscilla.com/home Ivan on Tech
 
Roadmap / Zilliqa 2.0
 
There is no strict defined roadmap but here are topics being worked on. And via the Zilliqa website there is also more information on the projects they are working on.
 
Business & Partnerships  
It’s not only technology in which Zilliqa seems to be excelling as their ecosystem has been expanding and starting to grow rapidly. The project is on a mission to provide OpenFinance (OpFi) to the world and Singapore is the right place to be due to its progressive regulations and futuristic thinking. Singapore has taken a proactive approach towards cryptocurrencies by introducing the Payment Services Act 2019 (PS Act). Among other things, the PS Act will regulate intermediaries dealing with certain cryptocurrencies, with a particular focus on consumer protection and anti-money laundering. It will also provide a stable regulatory licensing and operating framework for cryptocurrency entities, effectively covering all crypto businesses and exchanges based in Singapore. According to PWC 82% of the surveyed executives in Singapore reported blockchain initiatives underway and 13% of them have already brought the initiatives live to the market. There is also an increasing list of organisations that are starting to provide digital payment services. Moreover, Singaporean blockchain developers Building Cities Beyond has recently created an innovation $15 million grant to encourage development on its ecosystem. This all suggest that Singapore tries to position itself as (one of) the leading blockchain hubs in the world.
 
Zilliqa seems to already taking advantage of this and recently helped launch Hg Exchange on their platform, together with financial institutions PhillipCapital, PrimePartners and Fundnel. Hg Exchange, which is now approved by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), uses smart contracts to represent digital assets. Through Hg Exchange financial institutions worldwide can use Zilliqa's safe-by-design smart contracts to enable the trading of private equities. For example, think of companies such as Grab, AirBnB, SpaceX that are not available for public trading right now. Hg Exchange will allow investors to buy shares of private companies & unicorns and capture their value before an IPO. Anquan, the main company behind Zilliqa, has also recently announced that they became a partner and shareholder in TEN31 Bank, which is a fully regulated bank allowing for tokenization of assets and is aiming to bridge the gap between conventional banking and the blockchain world. If STOs, the tokenization of assets, and equity trading will continue to increase, then Zilliqa’s public blockchain would be the ideal candidate due to its strategic positioning, partnerships, regulatory compliance and the technology that is being built on top of it.
 
What is also very encouraging is their focus on banking the un(der)banked. They are launching a stablecoin basket starting with XSGD. As many of you know, stablecoins are currently mostly used for trading. However, Zilliqa is actively trying to broaden the use case of stablecoins. I recommend everybody to read this text that Amrit Kumar wrote (one of the co-founders). These stablecoins will be integrated in the traditional markets and bridge the gap between the crypto world and the traditional world. This could potentially revolutionize and legitimise the crypto space if retailers and companies will for example start to use stablecoins for payments or remittances, instead of it solely being used for trading.
 
Zilliqa also released their DeFi strategic roadmap (dating November 2019) which seems to be aligning well with their OpFi strategy. A non-custodial DEX is coming to Zilliqa made by Switcheo which allows cross-chain trading (atomic swaps) between ETH, EOS and ZIL based tokens. They also signed a Memorandum of Understanding for a (soon to be announced) USD stablecoin. And as Zilliqa is all about regulations and being compliant, I’m speculating on it to be a regulated USD stablecoin. Furthermore, XSGD is already created and visible on block explorer and XIDR (Indonesian Stablecoin) is also coming soon via StraitsX. Here also an overview of the Tech Stack for Financial Applications from September 2019. Further quoting Amrit Kumar on this:
 
There are two basic building blocks in DeFi/OpFi though: 1) stablecoins as you need a non-volatile currency to get access to this market and 2) a dex to be able to trade all these financial assets. The rest are build on top of these blocks.
 
So far, together with our partners and community, we have worked on developing these building blocks with XSGD as a stablecoin. We are working on bringing a USD-backed stablecoin as well. We will soon have a decentralised exchange developed by Switcheo. And with HGX going live, we are also venturing into the tokenization space. More to come in the future.”*
 
Additionally, they also have this ZILHive initiative that injects capital into projects. There have been already 6 waves of various teams working on infrastructure, innovation and research, and they are not from ASEAN or Singapore only but global: see Grantees breakdown by country. Over 60 project teams from over 20 countries have contributed to Zilliqa's ecosystem. This includes individuals and teams developing wallets, explorers, developer toolkits, smart contract testing frameworks, dapps, etc. As some of you may know, Unstoppable Domains (UD) blew up when they launched on Zilliqa. UD aims to replace cryptocurrency addresses with a human readable name and allows for uncensorable websites. Zilliqa will probably be the only one able to handle all these transactions onchain due to ability to scale and its resulting low fees which is why the UD team launched this on Zilliqa in the first place. Furthermore, Zilliqa also has a strong emphasis on security, compliance, and privacy, which is why they partnered with companies like Elliptic, ChainSecurity (part of PwC Switzerland), and Incognito. Their sister company Aqilliz (Zilliqa spelled backwards) focuses on revolutionizing the digital advertising space and is doing interesting things like using Zilliqa to track outdoor digital ads with companies like Foodpanda.
 
Zilliqa is listed on nearly all major exchanges, having several different fiat-gateways and recently have been added to Binance’s margin trading and futures trading with really good volume. They also have a very impressive team with good credentials and experience. They dont just have “tech people”. They have a mix of tech people, business people, marketeers, scientists, and more. Naturally, it's good to have a mix of people with different skill sets if you work in the crypto space.
 
Marketing & Community
 
Zilliqa has a very strong community. If you just follow their Twitter their engagement is much higher for a coin that has approximately 80k followers. They also have been ‘coin of the day’ by LunarCrush many times. LunarCrush tracks real-time cryptocurrency value and social data. According to their data it seems Zilliqa has a more fundamental and deeper understanding of marketing and community engagement than almost all other coins. While almost all coins have been a bit frozen in the last months, Zilliqa seems to be on its own bull run. It was somewhere in the 100s a few months ago and is currently ranked #46 on CoinGecko. Their official Telegram also has over 20k people and is very active, and their community channel which is over 7k now is more active and larger than many other official channels. Their local communities) also seem to be growing.
 
Moreover, their community started ‘Zillacracy’ together with the Zilliqa core team ( see www.zillacracy.com ). It’s a community run initiative where people from all over the world are now helping with marketing and development on Zilliqa. Since its launch in February 2020 they have been doing a lot and will also run their own non custodial seed node for staking. This seed node will also allow them to start generating revenue for them to become a self sustaining entity that could potentially scale up to become a decentralized company working in parallel with the Zilliqa core team. Comparing it to all the other smart contract platforms (e.g. Cardano, EOS, Tezos etc.) they don't seem to have started a similar initiatives (correct me if I’m wrong though). This suggest in my opinion that these other smart contract platforms do not fully understand how to utilize the ‘power of the community’. This is something you cannot ‘buy with money’ and gives many projects in the space a disadvantage.
 
Zilliqa also released two social products called SocialPay and Zeeves. SocialPay allows users to earn ZILs while tweeting with a specific hashtag. They have recently used it in partnership with the Singapore Red Cross for a marketing campaign after their initial pilot program. It seems like a very valuable social product with a good use case. I can see a lot of traditional companies entering the space through this product, which they seem to suggest will happen. Tokenizing hashtags with smart contracts to get network effect is a very smart and innovative idea.
 
Regarding Zeeves, this is a tipping bot for Telegram. They already have 1000s of signups and they plan to keep upgrading it for more and more people to use it (e.g. they recently have added a quiz features). They also use it during AMAs to reward people in real time. It’s a very smart approach to grow their communities and get familiar with ZIL. I can see this becoming very big on Telegram. This tool suggests, again, that the Zilliqa team has a deeper understanding what the crypto space and community needs and is good at finding the right innovative tools to grow and scale.
 
To be honest, I haven’t covered everything (i’m also reaching the character limited haha). So many updates happening lately that it's hard to keep up, such as the International Monetary Fund mentioning Zilliqa in their report, custodial and non-custodial Staking, Binance Margin, Futures & Widget, entering the Indian market, and more. The Head of Marketing Colin Miles has also released this as an overview of what is coming next. And last but not least, Vitalik Buterin has been mentioning Zilliqa lately acknowledging Zilliqa and mentioning that both projects have a lot of room to grow. There is much more info of course and a good part of it has been served to you on a silver platter. I invite you to continue researching by yourself :-) And if you have any comments or questions please post here!
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Ethereum aumentó crecimiento de tokens de bitcoin

Ethereum aumentó crecimiento de tokens de bitcoin
Entre otras cifras increíbles está que el suministro de bitcoin por medio de tokens creció un 330% hasta la fecha y proyectos de Ethereum, poseen un 70% más de bitcoins que grandes casas de criptomonedas. Ethereum tiene un conjunto de aplicaciones financieras basadas en sus protocolos y en esta nota te mostramos cifras sobre el crecimiento de la llamada plata de las criptomonedas y te adelantamos detalles del nuevo Hard Fork de ETH.
https://emetenjoy.com/es/blog/Crecimiento-de-tokens-BTC-gracias-a-ETH-crece-de-manera-exponencial
Se viene presentando un fenómeno de crecimiento de tokens gracias a la blockchain de Ethereum que nos muestran un crecimiento de manera exponencial y dejando en evidencia que la manera más utilizada de uso para Bitcoin fuera de su cadena principal es en Ethereum.
Durante cuatro años, ingenieros vienen trabajando para mejorar el uso de las criptomonedas de mayor capitalización en el mercado a través de una pluralidad de protocolos adicionales para comercio: Liquid Network o para desembolsos como ofrece Lightning Network.
Hasta la fecha, el protocolo más popular fuera de la cadena original que usa bitcoin se ejecutan en Ethereum.
Se trata de dos proyectos que poseen el 70% más de bitcoins que Lightning o Liquid: ImBTC y WBTC.
Para analistas como Camila Russo autora del libro La Máquina Infinita, escrito sobre Ethereum el fenómeno es irónico, pero no se muestra sorprendida.
Explica la autora que, al ser más más flexible, Ethereum permite que dicho tipo de protocolos prosperan con más facilidad mientras que BTC fue puesto a punto para hacer un par de cosas a la perfección: transferir valor con confianza y sin censura

¿Qué ventaja tienen este tipo de BTC?

Los bitcoins tokenizados, como se llaman estos proyectos, permiten a los usuarios denominarse en bitcoins cuando realizan transacciones en el ecosistema emergente de productos financieros descentralizados de la red Ethereum. En lugar de usar Ether (la moneda nativa de Ethereum) para hacer préstamos o ganar intereses, por ejemplo, las transacciones se hacen, de hecho, con bitcoin.
El suministro del tipo de BTC por medio de tokens ha crecido un 330% hasta la fecha.
Es importante tener en cuenta que la cantidad total de BTC retenida de la cadena de bloques de Bitcoin por los protocolos basados en Ethereum y Bitcoin es pequeña, solo 8.285 BTC, lo que representa un valor de $79 millones USD, en relación con los 18.4 millones de Bitcoins emitidos desde 2009.

Hard Fork de Ethereum Classic

El domingo en la noche se dará una división entre los socios de trail Ethereum y Ethereum Classic: "Phoenix"
Ejecutado en el bloque 10,500,839 el 31 de mayo, la actualización de red incompatible con versiones anteriores hace que Ethereum Classic sea totalmente compatible con Ethereum.
Es decir, hasta que la cadena de bloques más grande intercambie su algoritmo de consenso en una revisión de la red conocida como Eth 2.0, programada para el tercer trimestre de 2020.
La bifurcación dura representa una salida importante para Ethereum Classic, que se queda con la Prueba de trabajo (PoW) mientras que su cadena hermana se mueve a Prueba de estaca (PoS) y fragmentación.

¿Por qué se da el Hard Fork de Ethereum?

De alguna manera, la división PoS versus PoW refleja el desacuerdo fundamental que condujo a la creación de Ethereum Classic. Las interpretaciones competitivas de un infame truco de 2016 forzaron una bifurcación polémica que dividió un campamento de desarrolladores en dos. Desde entonces, Ethereum Classic ha jugado en gran medida con Ethereum, que cuenta con la red de desarrolladores más grande.
Pero ahora, Ethereum Classic se apega a lo probado y probado, dijo el CEO de ETC Labs, Terry Culver, en una entrevista.
“Estamos cómodos con cómo funciona [PoW]”, dijo y “con el tiempo, podemos abordar sus desafíos”.
Phoenix representa el tercer Hard Fork ejecutado en Ethereum Classic en el último año calendario, precedido por Agharta y Atlantis, que también aumentaron la interoperabilidad entre las dos cadenas.
La bifurcación dura del domingo incluye las Propuestas de Mejora de Ethereum (EIP) de la última bifurcación dura de Ethereum, Estambul, realizada en diciembre de 2019.
Debemos recordar que Estambul modificó las restricciones de gas, agregó protecciones contra ataques de denegación de servicio (DoS) y creó opciones para la interoperabilidad con cadenas de bloques equihash como Zcash.
De esas actualizaciones, los desarrolladores de Ethereum Classic se centraron principalmente en abordar varias restricciones de gas bajo la Propuesta de Mejora de Ethereum Classic (ECIP) 1088.
Tanto en Ethereum como en Ethereum Classic, las restricciones de gas se ajustan de vez en cuando según las necesidades de la red. Denominado en la subunidad "gwei", el gas es una tarifa que se paga a la red por ejecutar las transacciones de un usuario.

Mejora para Ethereum

En lugar de seguir los pasos de Ethereum, Ethereum Classic ahora será un vecino cercano de la red original y permitirá a la comunidad ETC en una posición para impulsar la innovación.
Con ese fin, ETC Labs está llevando a cabo proyectos en clientes apátridas y almacenamiento descentralizado.
Las actualizaciones técnicas sobre el Ethereum existente continuarán. Llamada Eth 1.x, la cadena Ethereum basada en PoW lanzará horquillas duras no contenciosas, incluida una a finales de este verano conocida como “Berlín”, hasta que se una con Eth 2.0. Sin embargo, esa fecha es años en el horizonte.
La comunidad Ethereum Classic probablemente adoptará estas medidas según sea necesario para mantener la interoperabilidad.

¿Por qué es importante lo que viene sucediendo con Ethereum?

Porque mejora la confianza y operatividad de una criptomoneda que crece de manera sostenida al tiempo esquivando con más facilidad la inestabilidad de Bitcoin.
Esto se convierte, por lo tanto, en la capacidad de aumentar la fuerza de trabajo, lo que redunda en confianza tanto para los inversionistas como para los nuevos usuarios de criptomonedas que llegan minuto a minuto a la red.
Faswet te permite disfrutar de todos los cambios que se están dando y que al cierre de esta nota mantienen a la llamada plata de las criptomonedas (ETH), con un rendimiento superior al 4% durante el mes.
Ingresa a Faswet: https://faswet.com/es, regístrate y comienza a disfrutar de todos los beneficios de poseer una criptomoneda rentable, al alance de todos como lo es Ethereum.
submitted by EmetEnjoy to u/EmetEnjoy [link] [comments]

The Occult, Numerology & A Lot Pointing at an Event on August 10/11th

Take some of this with a grain of salt. But, as you know through my Shemitah analysis and digging into the occult signs, symbols, dates and numerology used by many of the satanic cabal that currently rule over this Earth that I do pay attention to these things.
I also have one particular TDV subscriber in the Czech Republic who parses through a lot of this data for me… and what we have been uncovering about some sort of event on August 10th/11th is at least worth mentioning here. If something of interest does happen on this date then at least I can say I tried to tell you. And, if nothing happens, much of this information is interesting nonetheless.
TISHA B’AV
Tisha B’Av, the 9th day of the month of Av, which is the 11th month in the Jewish calendar (in Europe they would write this date as 9.11., this year 2019 in Gregorian calendar TISHA B´AV falls to August 10-11), is the saddest day in the Jewish calendar, on which the orthodox jews fast, deprive themselves and pray.
It is the culmination of the Three Weeks (of mourning), a period of time during which we mark the destruction of the two Holy Temples in Jerusalem, the Solomon’s temple by the Neo-Babylian empire in 587 BC and Herod's temple by the Roman empire in 70 AD.
It is crucial to note that this world is run by secret societies and at the very hard core of the secret societies is the Kabbalah. Kabbalah is the ancient jewish mysticism. It is a method of encoding information through a system of mathematics and numbers. It is some of the most ancient knowledge that man has ever possessed and has been kept secret and given only to those who proved themselves worthy through the process of initiation.
Nobody today really knows where it comes from, it was here a long time before the jews came along, the jews just took it and preserved it. It truly is the hardcore of the secret knowledge, the metaphysics, the science that not even 0.1% of the today´s world population know anything about,
Shortly to the symbol 911 and what it means in Kabbalah; Tisha B'Av is actually the Ninth of AV, the 9th day of the 11th month in the jewish calendar. In Kabbalah number 10 is the symbol of God's perfection and superiority.
The satanists (what the people at the highest ranks of the secret societies like freemasons are) are literally very afraid of God, so they do everything to escape God’s supervision over their deeds , try to hide from Him and that is why they have this symbol 9 11 as the most satanic one, since they believe this symbol kind of “jumps over” or “skips” God, since God’s symbol of perfection and superiority in Kabbalah is the number 10.
They jump over the number 10 or try to skip it, that is why 9 11… the Tisha B´Av holiday of the jewish calendar falls into the second half of July or first half of August in the Gregorian calendar.
Some of the events that took place on Tisha B´Av in history:
● The First Crusade officially commenced on August 15, 1096 (Av 24, AM 4856), killing 10,000 Jews in its first month and destroying Jewish communities in France and the Rhineland. ● The Jews were expelled from England on July 18, 1290 (Av 9, AM 5050). ● The Jews were expelled from France on July 22, 1306 (Av 10, AM 5066). ● The Jews were expelled from Spain on July 31, 1492 (Av 7, AM 5252). ● Germany entered World War I on August 1–2, 1914 (Av 9–10, AM 5674), which caused massive upheaval in European Jewry and whose aftermath led to the Holocaust. ● On August 2, 1941 (Av 9, AM 5701), SS commander Heinrich Himmler formally received approval from the Nazi Party for "The Final Solution." As a result, the Holocaust began during which almost one third of the world's Jewish population perished. ● On July 23, 1942 (Av 9, AM 5702), began the mass deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto, en route to Treblinka. ● The AMIA bombing, of the Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, killed 85 and injuring 300 on July 18, 1994 (10 Av, AM 5754). ● The Israeli disengagement from Gaza began in the Gaza Strip, expelling 8000 Jews who lived in Gush Katif; August 15, 2005; 10 Av, 5765. ● Last year 2018 on Tisha B´Av on July 21st, we had a shooting in Chicago. It happened at 10:30am when the arms of the clock point at 11 and 6, the upside down 911.
Tisha B´Av this year is the numerical value of the number 58, 11+8+20+19, 58 is very symbolic number for freemasonry and other occult or secret societies. Donald Trump is also connected to this number, we will devote some attention to this number with relation to Donald Trump later below, furthermore the word TRUMP equals 222 in „reverse satanic“ style of gematria. August 10th is the 222nd day of the year.
Moreover, some numerologists are saying that the most satanic day in the year from the number point of view is June 6th, like 6/6. For example, last year the merger of the two giants, Monsanto and Bayer , deal for $66 billion USD, was allegedly signed on 6/6/18 (18=6+6+6). Now if you add 66 days to 6/6 (June 6th), you’́ll come to August 11th, TISHA B´AV of 2019.
This year we had a ritual on 6/6, with all the world’s (mis)leaders in Normandy, France, the 75th anniversary of the Normandy landing of the allies in 1944. On CNN they put some headlines in quotes, like “NORMANDY ANNIVERSARY” which equals 222 in ALW Kabbalah style of gematria (the beginning of Tisha B´Av this year is in the evening of august 10th, the 222nd day of the year). They also posted, “NORMANDY D-DAY” which equals 118 in both ALW and KFW Kabbalah styles of gematria. Maybe they are pointing to august 11th as much as they can, since 11.8. is the way August 11th is written in Europe.
AUGUST 11TH
The date 11.8. is also like 11+8 = 19, we are in the year 19, 19 matches CHAOS is gematria, in reverse it is 91, matching PHOENIX.
It is also like 11x8=88, which is the symbolic number of Trump, in other words the “super time number.”
The number 11 in Kabbalah is representing duality, shattering and the initiation into the mysteries of religion. September 11th was permeated by the number 11 like no other event in known history. 11 is also represented by the twin pillar of Jachin and Boaz, which stood at the entrance of Solomon’s temple. Number 11 and its multiples are the master numbers in numerology, they do not get reduced unlike the other numbers, which can be reduced.
The number 8 is the number of time, represented by the hour glass, the infinity symbol and the Ouroboros biting its own tail. Number 8 is also the symbol of the Magician tarot card, the Magician is always depicted with the number 8 above his head and with the hourglass on the table in front of him. 1+1+8+2+0+1+9=22
22 is the “master builder number”, freemasons consider themselves to be THE MASTER BUILDERS. Also, there is 22 books of revelation, this date august 11th seems to be very much entangled with eschatology or the end times.
Haarp’s patent day is August 11th 1987. It will be exactly 32 years on august 11th 2019. The 32nd degree is the highest degree of initiation of the Scottish rite of freemasonry, the most used rite among the Jewish freemasons. It has 33 degrees, but the 33rd degree is the so called “honorary degree”, the masons in the 33rd degree are bestowed this kind of degree as a credit for what they have done for freemasonry in their life or even after they die. No higher initiation into any more “sacred knowledge”, the highest degree of initiation is the 32nd degree.
The formation of AL-QAEDA was on 11.8.88 (1988). This year on August 11th 2019 it will be exactly 31 years. 31 is the 11th prime number and also 13 in reverse, 13 is the biblical number of rebellion. AL-QAEDA matches 58 in gematria (words matching this number will be named later on) and also 888 in gematria, matching DONALD J TRUMP, EMMANUEL MACRON, JESUS CROSS, DEUTSCHE BANK
Also, 11.8, 1919 the new German constitution was adopted, founding the Weimar Republic. This act lead Germany shortly after the first world war and a downwards spiral of hyperinflation, consequently into a nazi overtake, and ultimately into the second world war.
DONALD TRUMP
With the connection of building the third temple in Jerusalem at this time, the third year of the reign of Donald Trump as the new “King Cyrus” (the third year of the reign of King Cyrus is being described in the bible), and along the fact this year being very, very important for the satanic rulers on its own, this year TISHA B´AV on August 10th-11th 2019 seems to be a quite probable date for some kind of event of 911 importance.
The state of Israel just celebrated its 71st anniversary on May 14th this year. 88 days later we´ll come to August 10th, the beginning of TISHA B´AV. 88 is the symbolic number of Trump (the re-incarnated King Cyrus):
● Trump spent 88 million USD of his own money for his campaign ● Trump had 88 offices across the US during his presidential campaign ● Trump had 88 events or campaign stops during his campaign ● Trump had the number 88 on his podium everywhere he spoke during his campaign ● Trump had 88 military advisors, retired admirals and generals who supported him in his campaign ● Trump’s slogan “MAKE AMERICA GREAT AGAIN” equals 808 in numerology. For those who missed Christine Lagarde’s lecture on numerology, zeros are ignored in numerology ● Trump’s slogan “STRONGER TOGETHER” equals 88 in two gematria styles ● Trump’s cousin Thomas P. Trump , due to which Donald Trump was being mocked during his campaign, died exactly 1 year before Trump's inauguration day, 20. January 2016, 88 days before he would be 88. ● The movie Donnie Darko, predicting Trump's victory, where the main character kind of symbolizes Donald Trump, and the movie talks about time travel and the year 1988, is overloaded with the symbology of the number 88 ● The word “Trump” matches 88 in gematria in the „english ordinal“ style, the most basic numerology style, where A = 1 and Z = 26, DONALD J TRUMP equals 888 in english-sumarian style of gematria ● Trump’s mother, Mary Anne MacLeod, died when she was 88 years and 88 days old
Donald Trump, in esoteric circles, is always compared to King Cyrus, or Cyrus the Great, the king of Persia, who released the Jews from the 70 years of captivity in Babylon, gave them back the city of Jerusalem and built a wall around it. Netanyhu even compares Trump to Cyrus.
When Trump was selected the US president, the state of Israel started minting coins with the king Cyrus and President Trump together on one coin.
If we just for a while accept the notion that Trump is the reincarnation of the King Cyrus, (now taking into account the fact they truly look alike…), we should also look at some potential other connections and similarities between these two leaders and maybe try to make some predictions of what might be happening in the near future…
Now let’s look at the bible, New King James Version, Daniel 10:
Daniel 10 New International Version (NIV)
Daniel’s Vision of a Man
10 In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia, a revelation was given to Daniel (who was called Belteshazzar). Its message was true and it concerned a great war.[a] The understanding of the message came to him in a vision.
2 At that time I, Daniel, mourned for three weeks. 3 I ate no choice food; no meat or wine touched my lips; and I used no lotions at all until the three weeks were over.
So now we are in the third year of Donald Trump (reincarnated Cyrus the Great???) presidency, who is compared to King Cyrus in many esoteric and historic aspects, and we are nearing the “three weeks of mourning.”
The three weeks of mourning are between the 17th of Tammuz (when the walls were broken down, the breach was made, when they were coming over to take over the temple and siege Jerusalem) and Tisha B´Av (the destruction of the two temples, Solomon’s temple and Herod's temple), meaning this year, 2019, between July 21st and August 11th in the Gregorian calendar.
August Eleventh is like 11.8.2019, or 11+8+20+19=58. 58 is the number very much connected to the freemasonry other occult or secret societies.
Let's look at some words matching the number 58 in numerology: JERUSALEM, THIRD TEMPLE, SOLOMON’S TEMPLE (the 1st temple that got destroyed on Tisha B´Av), HEROD'S TEMPLE (the 2nd temple that was destroyed on Tisha B´Av), RED HEIFER, FREEMASONRY, ROSICRUCIAN, SECRET SOCIETY, SCOTTISH RITES, DOLLAR
It is important to note that Donald Trump won the 58th presidential election in the USA, his inauguration date was 20.1.2017, 20+1+20+17=58, Trump Tower has 58 floors. Trump announced he would be running for candidacy from the 58th story of the Trump Tower. August 11th is 58 days after Donald Trump’s birthday (June 14th).
Donald Trump was in Israel at the exact place where they plan to build the third temple, on May 22nd 2017 (another very ritualistic day for the freemasons), exactly 811 days before 8/11, or august 11th 2019.
PREDICTIVE PROGRAMMING
THE SIMPSONS:
The episode “APOCALYPSE COW,” quite clearly symbolizing the RED HEIFER, (154 in gematria, matching TEMPLE MOUNT, RITUAL SACRIFICE).
RED HEIFER, which birth was announced by the Temple institute in Israel on September 4th 2018, a day that leaves 118 days till the end of the year, later was celebrated in Israel on 9/11/2018. The date the Red Heifer was actually born is reportedly on August 28th 2018. August 28th 2018 is like 28.8./2018, or 2+8+8=18, 1+8=9, then the year 2018 is like 2+0+1+8=11, so hidden 9/11 in the date of the Red Heifer’s birth.
The birth of the red heifer is a biblical sign of building the third temple, the third temple should be built at the time when the MESSIAH comes back to planet earth, the messiah is said to come back “through the Golden Gate”.
The Simpsons’ “APOCALYPSE COW” is the episode 17, Season 19 (season 19, do they point to the year 19??? btw. „AUGUST 11“ is 19 in gematria matching CHAOS, and also equals 91 matching PHOENIX), episode 17 (1+7=8, do they point to the 8th month of the “season” or year 19?).
“Apocalypse Cow” came out on April 27, 2008.
2008 was a leap year, so April 27th was the 118. (11.8.) day of the year.
Again, it is 11 years ago when this cartoon was put out…
THE GRIM REAPER
There is a video of Grim Reaper standing in the dress of Satan next to the San Francisco Golden Gate bridge, nicely done predictive programming, this video came out July 24th 2018, exactly 1 year and 18 days before August 11th 2019. 1 year 18 days. We are dealing again with the predictive programming of 118…
PACIFIC RIM
In this movie, which is all about a tragic events and the main one is the destruction of the GOLDEN GATE BRIDGE IN SANFRANCISCO, it shows on the scene when the bridge is being destroyed the date August 11 2013, at 9:32am (923 and its variations are the new satanic code for some kind of tragedy events). Maybe just a coincidence…
SAN FRANCISCO GOLDEN GATE BRIDGE
It is said that the “third temple” should be built at the time the Messiah comes back. Also, the story says that the Messiah will come back through the “Golden Gate”. The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco kind of shares the name with the Golden Gate in Jerusalem. That is the eastern gate of the Temple Mount, where a divine presence used to appear and will appear again, when the Messiah comes, and a new gate replaces the present one.
It is important to note that Donald Trump won the 58th presidential election in the US, but is actually the 45th president of the US, since some presidents made two terms.
Let's look at some word or word connections having 45 in gematria:
GOLDEN GATE, HOLY BIBLE, BRIDGE, MIKE PENCE, BITCOIN
Now the current mayor of San Francisco is the 45th mayor of San Francisco, and she is turning 45 years old on August 11th 2019. Her name is London Breed.
Lets look at the gematria of her name:
LONDON BREED 54 (45 in reverse), 317 matching SATURN, MESIAH, BITCOIN, 216 (6X6X6), 33
The construction of the Golden Gate Bridge started on January 5th, 1933. 1/5/1933 is like 1+5+19+33=58
NUMEROLOGY
It is important to note that numerology belongs to the esoteric science by which all the secret and occult societies are literally obsessed! Next to the geometry or mainly sacred geometry and architecture, math, astrotheology, it is fair to state that numerology is probably the most important one of all of the teachings in all of the mystic schools.
It is not the right time now to explain why it is so, it is just important to note that it is a fact. The cabalists and high ranking members of secret societies are convinced that words with the same numeric values are having some kind of interconnection or kind of the same vibrational frequencies and therefore kind of a same meaning or purpose in this material world, or the matrix we are living in. The core of numerology is that these people believe that God created the world by merging the letters with the numbers and vice versa.
So, let’s get technically into it and see some other correlations and predictive programming, since we know very well that the powers that should not be, according to the cosmic rule, HAVE TO ANNOUNCE THEIR PLANS IN ADVANCE, OTHERWISE IT WILL NOT COME TO FRUITION! If we are really talking about some event on a biblical scale, that could really be called 911 2.0, there really has to be something for those who have “eyes to see and ears to hear…”
August 11th 2019 is like 11+8+20+19 = 58
Let’s look at some words matching the number 58 in numerology: JERUSALEM, THIRD TEMPLE, SOLOMON´S TEMPLE (the 1st temple that got destroyed on Tisha B´Av), HEROD’S TEMPLE (the 2nd temple that was destroyed on Tisha B´Av), RED HEIFER, FREEMASONRY, ROSICRUCIAN, SECRET SOCIETY, SCOTTISH RITES, DOLLAR, GREGORIAN, CALENDAR, ZODIAC, STARS
This year the most significant freemasonic ritual was undoubtedly the burning of Notre Dame. Interestingly, the 15th of april, this ritualistic day, is exactly 118 days before August 11th, or before 11.8. Coincidently, april 15th, 15.4.2019 is like 15+4+20+19=58, the same value as August 11th 2019.
There was also one other satanic ritual this year, the so called “Christchurch shooting.” It happened on the 15th of March 2019. The zip code for Christchurch is 8011 (8/11). Interestingly, 2 mosques were attacked by the shooting as well as two temples were destroyed on Tisha B´Av. Coincidently the word connection CHRISTCHURCH SHOOTING is 118 in „jewish reduction“ style of numerology.
The Christchurch shooting happened on 15.3.2019 , it is like 15+3+20+19=57, the same as August 10th, or 10.8.2018, which is like 10+8+20+19=57, some other words matching 57 in numerology: JEWS, MOON.
11th of August is the 223rd day of the year. 223 is the symbolic number of SKULL AND BONES.
There are some words and word connections matching 223 in gematria:
THE SYNAGOGUE OF SATAN, MASONIC, GOLD AND SILVER STANDARD, GOLDEN GATE BRIDGE, NATURAL DISASTER, SAN FRANCISCO BRIDGE, LET HIM WHO THAT HATH UNDERSTANDING COUNT THE NUMBER OF THE BEAST.
On May 14th, 2019, the state of Israel has celebrated the 71st birthday. Words like TEMPLE, TALMUD equals 71 in numerology. May 14th is the 134. day of the year.
Some words matching 134 in numerology: TISHA B´AV, NINTH OF AV (the same as TISHA B´AV), NETANYAHU. From august 11th till the Netanyahu’s birthday on October 21st is exactly 71 days.
The major satanic ritual of this century was undoubtedly 9/11, or September 11th, 2001. From that day till August 11th 2019 it is exactly 17 years and 11 months. In numerology, the master number 11 and its multiples do not get reduced, the other numbers can be reduced. 17 years and 11 days. 1+7/11 is like 8 and 11 to the day 8/11. The word DEATH equals 118 in “JEWISH” style of gematria.
222
CONCLUSION
You may have read all that and just think I am crazy. But there are a lot of people who put a lot of work into decoding these things and it is very interesting information.
So, will something major occur on August 10th or 11th? And, if so, what will it be?
I’ll leave that up to you to ponder on but there is enough evidence pointing to those dates that I felt I should at least make you aware of it.
Other dates that have similar programming include September 23rd and/or November 23rd. I’ll keep an eye on those dates as well but we are thinking those dates are more likely to be of importance in 2022 or 2023.
This is all just information. Do with it what you wish. But, as I said, at the very least it is very interesting!
Source: https://dollarvigilante.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/JULY-2019-Dispatch-PREMIUM.pdf
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Account Verification (KYC) at BitHash Exchange

Account Verification (KYC) at BitHash Exchange
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https://www.bithash.net/en/account/verification
About BitHash Exchange
BitHash Cryptocurrency Exchange was established in 2016 in Singapore with more than 100 pairs available for trading cryptocurrency - Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Litecoin (LTC), Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Ethereum Classic (ETC), Dash (DASH), EOS (EOS), Monero (XMR), Ripple (XRP), Zcash (ZEC).
BitHash Exchange is operated by PHOENIX TRADING SOLUTIONS LTD, a company incorporated under the International Business Companies Act of 2016 of the Republic of Seychelles with company number 214028.
Global Gateway 8, Rue de la Perle, Providence, Mahé, Seychelles PHOENIX TRADING SOLUTIONS LTD IBC NO 214028
www.bithash.net/en
support.bithash.net
[[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
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Trading Crypto with BitHash API

Trading Crypto with BitHash API
BitHash Exchange offers cryptocurrency trading through a set of APIs.

How to start trading with Crypto Trading API

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BitHash API

Security Notes

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About BitHash

BitHash Cryptocurrency Exchange was established in 2016 in Singapore with more than 100 pairs available for trading cryptocurrencyBitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Litecoin (LTC), Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Ethereum Classic (ETC), Dash (DASH), EOS (EOS), Monero (XMR), Ripple (XRP), Zcash (ZEC).
BitHash Exchange is operated by PHOENIX TRADING SOLUTIONS LTD (“BitHash”), a company incorporated under the International Business Companies Act of 2016 of the Republic of Seychelles with company number 214028.
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What if all of these characters fought each other?

Yeah I wrote all this.
The characters are sorted by franchise. The battlefield is the entire multiverse. Last one alive wins.

Real Life:
An average Australian man
Cristiano Ronaldo
John Cena
John Quinones
Michael Sorrentino
Louis Cyr
LeVar Burton
Matt Sadler
Gordan Ramsey
James Portnow
Susan Wojcicki
Super Mario:
Mario
Luigi
Princess Peach
Princess Daisy
Bowser
Bowser Jr.
Toad
Blue Toad
Yellow Toad
Purple Toad
Green Toad
Toadette
Birdo
Rosalina
Kamek
Larry Koopa
Morton Koopa Jr.
Wendy O. Koopa
Iggy Koopa
Roy Koopa
Lemmy Koopa
Ludwig von Koopa
Cappy
Dorrie
Honey Queen
Nabbit
Pauline
Plessie
Professor E. Gadd
F.L.U.D.D.
Toadsworth
Boom Boom
Goomba
Fawful
Kammy Koopa
King Bob-omb
Bob-omb
King Boo
Boo
Madame Broode
Piranha Plant
Petey Piranha
Pom Pom
Bullet Bill
Banzai Bill
Reznor
Tatanga
Wart
Buzzy Beetle
Chain Chomp
Captain Toad
Waluigi
Baby Mario
Baby Luigi
Baby Peach
Baby Daisy
Baby Rosalina
Baby Bowser
Baby Wario
Dry Bowser
Dry Bones
Luma
Shy Guy
Metal Mario
Pink Gold Peach
Geno
Mallow
Huey
Kirsti
Wanda
Polterpup
Perry
MC Ballyhoo
Big Top
Fly Guy
Fat Guy
Sombrero Guy
Spear Guy
Spy Guy
White Shy Guy
Robo Mario
Doopliss
Cosmic Mario
Cosmic Luigi
Dr. Mario
Dr. Bowser
Dr. Peach
Dr. Luigi
Dr. Yoshi
Dr. Toad
Dr. Toadette
Dr. Bowser Jr.
Dr. Ludwig
Dr. Wendy
Dr. Waluigi
Dr. Wario
Dr. Daisy
Dr. Baby Mario
Dr. Baby Peach
Dr. Baby Daisy
Lakitu
Spiny
Cheep Cheep
Swoop
Paragoomba
Sumo Bro
Hammer Bro
Koopa Paratroopa
Pokey
Spike
Peepa
Spiny Cheep Cheep
Monty Mole
Thwomp
Boomerang Bro
Red virus
Blue virus
Yellow virus
Green virus
Light-blue virus
Purple virus
Pink virus
Flomp
Whomp
Walleye
Paper Mario
Paper Luigi
Paper Princess Peach
Paper Bowser
Paper Bowser Jr.
Paper Toad
Paper Blue Toad
Paper Yellow Toad
Paper Purple Toad
Paper Green Toad
Paper Toadette
Paper Birdo
Paper Kamek
Paper Toadsworth
Paper Goomba
Goombario
Goombella
Paper Kammy Koopa
Paper Bob-omb
Admiral Bobbery
Paper Boo
Lady Bow
Paper Piranha Plant
Paper Bullet Bill
Paper Buzzy Beetle
Paper Chain Chomp
Paper Shy Guy
Gourmet Guy
Parakarry
Paper Lakitu
Paper Spiny
Paper Cheep Cheep
Paper Paragoomba
Paper Hammer Bro
Paper Koopa Paratroopa
Paper Pokey
Paper Spike
Paper Monty Mole
Paper Thwomp
Paper Boomerang Bro
The Legend of Zelda:
Link (The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess)
Link (CDI Zelda)
Pokemon:
Red
Ash Ketchum
Lucario
Detective Pikachu
Trubbish
Sonic the Hedgehog:
Sonic
Classic Sonic
Sonic (Sonic Boom)
Sonic (Movie)
Big the Cat
Crash Bandicoot:
Crash Bandicoot
Doctor Neo Cortex
Uka Uka
Halo:
Master Chief
Cortana
Avery Johnson
Jacob Keyes
Miranda Keyes
Call of Duty:
Alex Mason
John Price
John “Soap” MacTavish
Edward Richtofen
Abigail “Misty” Briarton
Nikolai Belinski
Earthbound:
Ness
Paula
Jeff
Poo
Buzz Buzz
Ness’s Dad
Picky
Porky
Ninten
Ana
Lloyd
Teddy
Pippi
Flying Man
EVE
Negative Man
Worthless Protoplasm
Lucas
Duster
Kumatora
Boney
Five Nights at Freddy’s:
Mike Schmidt
Freddy
Bonnie
Chica
Foxy
Golden Freddy
BB
Springtrap
Fritz Smith
DC:
Superman (DCEU)
Batman (DCEU)
Samurai (Super Friends)
Robin (Teen Titans)
Robin (Teen Titans Go!)
Stargirl (Justice League Action)
Marvel:
Iron Man (Marvel Cinematic Universe)
Captain America (Marvel Cinematic Universe)
Thanos (Marvel Cinematic Universe)
Ghostbusters:
Peter Venkman
Egon
Ray
Winston
Slimer
Abby Yates (Ghostbusters 2016)
Erin (Ghostbusters 2016)
Holtzmann (Ghostbusters 2016)
Patty (Ghostbusters 2016)
Pac-Man:
Pac-Man
Ms. Pac-Man
Blinky
Pinky
Inky
Clyde
Mega Man:
Mega Man
Aki Light (Mega Man: Fully Charged)
MegaMan.exe
Mega Man Volnutt
Roll
Dr. Wily
Dr. Light
Proto Man
Cut Man
Bomb Man
Time Man
Oil Man
Metal Man
Top Man
Bomberman:
White Bomberman
Black Bomberman
Blue Bomberman
Red Bomberman
Yellow Bomberman
Green Bomberman
Pink Bomberman
Aqua Bomberman
Plasma Bomber
Magnet Bomber
Phantom Bomber
Golem Bomber
Pretty Bomber
The Lego Movie:
Emmet
Wyldstyle
Benny
Metalbeard
Vitruvius
Scooby-Doo:
Shaggy
Scooby-Doo
Fred
Velma
Daphne
Scrappy-Doo
Super Meat Boy:
Meat Boy
Bandage Girl
Dr. Fetus
Brownie
Memes:
The guy (Hey this is library)
Moetron
No Anime Penguin
Dat Boi
Wreck-it Ralph:
Ralph
Felix
Vannelope
Skylanders:
Stealth Elf
Trigger Happy
Gill Grunt
Kaos
Glumshanks
The A-Team:
B. A. Baracus
Hannibal
Faceman
Murdock
Knight Rider:
Michael Knight
K.I.T.T.
The Goonies:
Sloth
Mikey
Brand
Chunk
Mouth
Andy
Stef
Data
Mortal Kombat:
Scorpion
Raiden
Kitana
Sub-Zero
Liu Kang
Sonya Blade
Johnny Cage
Shao Kahn
Street Fighter:
Ryu
Ken
Guile
M. Bison
Chun-Li
Cammy
Akuma
Zangief
Blend S:
Maika
Kaho
Mafuyu
Miu
Hideri
Dino
Koyo
Vocaloid:
Hatsune Miku
Rin
Len
KAITOMEIKO
GUMILuo Tianyi
UTAU:
Kasane Teto
Uta Utane a.k.a Defoko
Momo Momone
Mako Nagone
Luna Amane
Koe Utane a.k.a Defo Imouto
Taya Soune
Spyro the Dragon:
Spyro
Ripto
Cynder
Elora
Bianca
Gnasty Gnorc
Moneybags
The Simpsons:
Homer SimpsonBart
Marge
Lisa
Maggie
Milhouse
Ned Flanders
Moe
Krusty
Principal Skinner
Superintendent Chalmers
Futurama:
Fry
Leela
Bender
Zoidberg
Scruffy
Harry Potter:
Harry Potter
Hermione Granger
Voldemort
Neville Longbottom
Dumbledore
Hagrid
Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them:
Newt Scamander
Jacob
Tina Goldstein
Queenie Goldstein
The Lord of the Rings:
Frodo
Galdalf the Grey
Gandalf the White
Bilbo Baggins
Samwise Gamgee
Gollum/Smeagol
Saruman
Mission: Impossible:
Ethan Hunt
Benji Dunn
Luther Stickell
Jim Phelps
Eugene Kittridge
Claire Phelps
Franz Krieger
John C. McCloy
Gremlins:
Stripe
Gizmo
Billy
Kate
Gnomeo and Juliet:
Gnomeo
Juliet
Powerpuff Girls:
Blossom
Bubbles
Buttercup
Blossom (Powerpuff Girls 1998)
Bubbles (Powerpuff Girls 1998)
Buttercup (Powerpuff Girls 1998)
Powerpuff Girls Z:
Momoko
Miyako
Kaoru
Beetlejuice:
Betelgeuse
Adam Maitland
Barbara Maitland
Charles Deetz
Delia Deetz
Lydia Deetz
Juno
Maxie Dean
Bernard
Otho
Jane Butterfield
My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic:
Twilight Sparkle
Rarity
Pinkie Pie
Applejack
Rainbow Dash
Fluttershy
Spike
My Little Pony: Equestria Girls:
Sunset Shimmer
Twilight Sparkle
Rarity
Pinkie Pie
Applejack
Rainbow Dash
Fluttershy
Black Rock Shooter:
Black Rock Shooter
Dead Master
Strength
Black Gold Saw
Chariot
Insane Black Rock Shooter
Mato Kuroi
Yomi Takanashi
Yuu Kotari
Saya Irino
Kagiri Izuriha
Arata Kohata
White Rock Shooter
Lego Dimensions:
Lord Vortech
X-PO
Gamer Kid
The Tri
Portal:
Chell
Atlas
P-Body
GLaDOSWheatley
Cave Johnson
Cake Core
Space Core
Adventure Core
Doug Rattman
Plants Vs Zombies:
Crazy Dave
Dr. Zomboss
Peashooter
Sunflower
Cherry Bomb
Wall-Nut
Potato Mine
Snow Pea
Chomper
Repeater
Puff-shroom
Sun-shroom
Fume-shroom
Grave Buster
Hypno-shroom
Scaredy-shroom
Ice-shroom
Doom-shroom
Lily Pad
Squash
Threepeater
Tangle Kelp
Jalapeno
Spikeweed
Torchwood
Tall-nut
Sea-shroom
Plantern
Cactus
Blover
Split Pea
Starfruit
Pumpkin
Magnet-shroom
Cabbage-pult
Flower Pot
Kernel-pult
Coffee Bean
Garlic
Umbrella Leaf
Marigold
Melon-pult
Gatling Pea
Twin Sunflower
Gloom-shroom
Cattail
Winter Melon
Gold Magnet
Spikerock
Cob Cannon
Imitater
Explode-o-nut
Giant Wall-nut
Giant Sunflower
Giant Marigold
Oxygen Algae
Sea Starfruit
Bramble Sea Grass
Water Gun Grass
Iron Man Nut
Monkey King Peashooter
Pig Squash
Nut Wujing
Monk Sunflower
Nezha Peashooter
Electric Anemone
Aggro Brocco
Pomegunate
Carrotillery
Oak Archer
Ghost Pepper
Laser Bean
Dandelion
Snapdragon
Bonk Choy
Pickled Pepper
Ice Fume Shroom
Fire-shroom
Flamewood
Vine-nut
Super Chomper
Last Star
Calm Chuck
Aspearagus
Beeshooter
Bloomerang
Moonflower
Nightshade
Shadow-shroom
Dusk Lobber
Grimrose
Dazey Chain
Machinarium:
Josef
Berta
Mayor of Machinarium
Black Cap Leader
Fat Black Cap
Thin Black Cap
Smoking Robot
Rock 'em Sock 'em Robots:
Red Rocker
Blue Bomber
Yellow Yahoo
Brown Bully
Orange Oppressor
Silver Stretcher
Purple Pyro
Green Grappler
Pink Pummeller
Black Bruiser
Baldi’s Basics:
Baldi
Principal of the Thing
Playtime
1st Prize
Arts and Crafters
Gotta Sweep
It’s a Bully
Filename2
Cloudy Copter
Joe
The protagonist
The protagonist’s friend
Puzzle Puppers:
Yellow dog
Pink dog
Green dog
Red dog
Crane Game Toreba:
Toreta
Snipperclips:
Snip
Clip
Firefly
Princess
Cactus
Puyo Puyo:
Tee
Arle
Amitie
Ringo
Ally
Carbuncle
Doppelganger Arle
Ecolo
Klug
Popoi
Raffina
Rafisol
Rulue
Dark Prince
Schezo
Sig
Draco Centauros
Harpy
Incubus
Kikimora
Lagnus the Brave
Minotauros
Nasu Grave
Nohoho
Panotty
Serilly
Skeleton T
Suketoudara
Witch
Zoh Daimaoh
Accord
Akuma
Baldanders
Donguri Gaeru
Feli
Lidelle
Lemres
Maguro
Ocean Prince
Onion Pixie
Oshare Bones
Rei
Risukuma
Tarutaru
Yu
Ai
Ess
Ex
Jay
Elle
O
Zed
The Creator
Kirby:
Kirby
Meta Knight
King Dedede
Bandana Waddle DeeNightmare
Dark Matter
Marx
Dark Mind
Drawcia
Yin-Yarn
Necrodeus
Magalor
Queen Sectonia
Dark Crafter
President Haltmann
Star Dream
Hyness
Void Termina
Adeleine
Dyna Blade
Gooey
Keeby
Rick
Coo
Kine
Nago
Pitch
Chuchu
Prince Fluff
Ribbon
Landia
Taranza
Elline
Susie
Acro
Bohboh
Chameleo Arm
Computer Virus
Fatty Whale
Galacta Knight
Dark Meta Knight
Grand Doomer
Heavy Lobster
Heavy Mole
Ice Dragon
Kabula
Kracko
Lololo
Lalala
Axe Knight
Mace Knight
Javelin Knight
Trident Knight
Mr. Shrine
Mr. Bright
Paintra
Paint Roller
Pon
Con
Poppy Bros. Jr
Poppy Bros. Sr.
Pyribbit
Sphere Doomer
Daroach
Wham Bam Rock
Whispy Woods
Escargoon
Lego City Undercover:
Chase McCain
Frank Honey
Ellie Philips
Mayor Geeson
Butch Patterson
Clutch
Natalia
Dunby
Ninjago:
Sensei Wu
Kai
Cole
Jay
Zane
Lloyd
Nya
Legends of Chima:
Laval
Cragger
Eris
Nexo Knights:
Clay Moorington
Diary of a Wimpy Kid:
Greg HeffleyRodrick
Manny
Susan
Frank
Sweetie
Rowley Jefferson
Fregley
Chirag
Holly Hills
Bryce Anderson
Ronnie McCoy
Vice Principal Roy
Poptropica:
Protagonist
Jorge (Comics)
Oliver (Comics)
Resident Evil:
Leon
Peanuts:
Charlie Brown
Snoopy
Lucy
Linus
Robot Chicken:
Robot Chicken
Fritz Huhnmorder
Scribblenauts:
Maxwell
Lily
Doppelganger
Edgar
Julie
Artie
Bruiser
Bubbles
Buzz
Chase
Chilly
Clark
Dale
Duce
Edwin
Flurry
Flux
Glum
Gorge
Guy
Hector
Jack
Kenpo
Larp
Leon
Ludwig
Milo
Mix
Moury
Mox
Patches
Poindexter
Razer
Rex
Scratch
Serenity
Shadow
Stunt
Tanc
Tempo
Tiberius
Tiny
Tony
Tots
Yarr
Splatoon:
Inkling
Callie
Marie
Pearl
Marina
Judd
ARMS:
Spring Man
Ribbon Girl
Ninjara
Master Mummy
Min Min
Mechanica
Twintelle
Byte
Barq
Kid Cobra
Helix
Max Brass
Lola Pop
Misango
Springtron
Dr. Coyle
Bee Movie:
Barry B. Benson
Vanessa
Adam
Ken
Mooseblood
Bee Larry King
Shrek:
Shrek
Donkey
Fiona
Lord Farquaad
Octopath Traveler:
Ophelia
Cyrus
Tressa
Olberic
Primrose
Alfyn
Therion
H’annit
Bubsy:
Bubsy the Bobcat
Drawn To Life:
Hero
Drawn Together:
Captain Hero
Toy Story:
Woody
Buzz Lightyear
A Bug’s Life:
Flik
Finding Nemo:
Marlin
Nemo
Dory
Wall-E:
Wall-E
The Good Dinosaur:
Arlo
Spot
Inside Out:
Joy
Sadness
Anger
Fear
Disgust
Riley
Bing Bong
Imaginary Boyfriend
Captain Underpants:
Captain Underpants
George
Harold
Timmy Failure:
Timmy Failure
Spongebob Squarepants:
Spongebob
Patrick
Squidward
The Loud House:
Lori Loud
Leni Loud
Luna Loud
Luan Loud
Lynn Loud Jr.
Lincoln Loud
Lucy Loud
Lana Loud
Lola Loud
Lisa Loud
Lily Loud
Lynn Loud Sr.
Rita Loud
Clyde
The Fairly OddParents:
Timmy Turner
Wanda
Cosmo
Invader Zim:
Zim
Gir
Cow & Chicken:
Cow
Chicken
Samurai Jack:
Samurai Jack
Adventure Time:
Finn the Human
Jake
BMO
Regular Show:
Mordecai
Rigby
Benson
Steven Universe:
Steven Universe
Garnet
Amethyst
Pearl
Peridot
Lapis Lazuli
Bismuth
Greg
Onion
Clarence:
Clarence
Uncle Grandpa:
Uncle Grandpa
Pizza Steve
Plague Inc.:
PAX-12
Neurax Worm
Sailor Moon:
Usagi
Ghost Trick:
Sissel
Ace Attorney:
Phoenix Wright
Professor Layton:
Professor Layton
Looney Tunes:
Bugs Bunny
Yu Gi Oh:
Yugi
Beyblade:
Tyson
Yo-Kai Watch:
Nate
Jibanyan
Cars:
Lightning McQueen
Mater
Team Fortress:
Heavy
Spy
Half Life:
Gordon Freeman
The Sims:
A sim
Cory In The House:
Cory Baxter
Annoying Orange:
Annoying Orange
Pear
My Hero Academia:
Midoriya
Mr. Peabody and Sherman:
Mr. Peabody
Sherman
E.T. The Extra Terrestrial:
E.T.
Back to the Future:
Marty McFly
Doc Brown
Rick & Morty:
Rick
Morty
Family Guy:
Peter Griffin
Doki Doki Literature Club:
Monika
Yuri
Natsuki
Sayori
The protagonist
Angry Birds:
Red
Chuck
Bomb
Fruit Ninja:
Sensei
Jetpack Joyride:
Barry Steakfries
Out There:
Protagonist
Akinator:
Akinator
Dragon Ball:
Goku (Dragon Ball)
Goku (Dragon Ball Z)
Goku (Dragon Ball Super)
Super Smash Bros:
Master Hand
Crazy Hand
Star Wars:
Luke Skywalker
Jar Jar Binks
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory:
Charlie Bucket
Lonely Wolf Treat:
Treat
Mochi
Moxie
Trick
Syrup and the Ultimate Sweet:
Syrup
Gumdrop
First Kiss as a Spooky Soiree:
Marzipan
Jam
Contract Demon:
Kamilla
Romance Detective:
Romance Detective
Tunnel Vision:
Maggie
KAIMA:
Searina
Her Tears Were My Light:
Time
Mermaid Splash: Passion Festival:
CiCi
The Twilight Zone:
The Announcer
Disaster Log C:
Mell
Yandere Simulator:
Yandere-Chan
Yanderella:
Honoka
Hinata
Mikoto Nikki
Mikoto
Mix Ore:
Nagisa
The Dark Side of Red Riding Hood:
Red Riding Hood
Makoto Mobius:
Makoto
You, Me, And Empty Words:
Akino
Shihori Escape:
Shihori
Tsukimi Planet:
Tsukimi
Full Bokoo Youchien:
Kotomi
Love Live:
Maki Nishikino
Menherafflesia:
Itarou
Matsuri
Mihomi
Ayume
Moeko
Nenene
Roco Kingdom:
Player character
Seer:
Player character
Mole’s World:
Player character
Hawaiian Slammers:
Ronnie
Planes:
Dusty
Frozen:
Elsa
Tangled:
Rapunzel
One Piece:
Luffy
Fairy Tail:
Natsu
Naruto:
Naruto
Shin Megami Tensei:
Isabeau
Persona:
Joker (Persona 5)
Digimon:
Tai
Agumon
No Matter How I Look At It, It’s You Guy’s Fault I’m Not Popular!:
Tomoko
I Can’t Believe My Little Sister is This Cute:
Kyosuke Kosaka
THE [email protected]:
Miki Hoshii
High School DxD:
Rias Gremory
Hihi Puffy Ami Yumi Show:
Ami
Yumi
Momoe Link:
Momoe
Minecraft:
Steve
Alex
Creeper
Zombie
Skeleton
Spider
Cave Spider
Jesse (Minecraft: Story Mode)
Locked Heart:
Nat
Confess my Love:
Willie
Transparent Black:
Liza
Nintendo Badge Arcade:
The bunny
Swapnote:
Nikki
World of Goo:
Gooball
Rayman:
Rayman
Little Inferno:
Protagonist
Amazing Alex:
Alex
Banjo - Kazooie:
Banjo
Kazooie
Yooka-Laylee:
Yooka
Laylee
Sly Cooper:
Sly Cooper
RWBY:
Ruby Rose
Despicable Me:
Gru
Nomad of Nowhere:
The Nomad
Bravest Warriors:
Chris
Xenoblade Chronicles:
Shulk
Punch Out!!:
Little Mac
Contra:
Bill
Lance
Silent Hill:
Pyramid Head
Tokimeki Memorial:
Shiori Fujisaki
Spelunker:
Spelunker
Spelunky:
Spelunky
Zork:
Protagonist
Bit Trip:
Commander Video
VVVVVV:
Captain Viridian
Runman: Race Around the World:
Runman
N:
Ninja
Princess Tomato in the Salad Kingdom:
Sir Cucumber
Hitman:
Agent 47
Tomb Raider:
Lara Croft
Metal Gear:
Solid Snake
Fire Emblem:
Marth
Roy
Ike
Lucina
Robin
Corrin
Chrom
Animal Crossing:
Villager
Isabelle
Tom Nook
Metroid:
Samus Aran
Ridley
Gradius:
Vic Viper
Zone of the Enders:
Jehuty
I Wanna Be The Guy:
The kid
Jumper:
Ogmo
Braid:
Tim
Alien Hominid:
Alien Hominid
Castle Crashers:
Green Knight
Charlie Murder:
Charlie
The Emoji Movie:
Gene Meh
Jailbreak
Castlevania:
Simon Belmont
Animator vs Animation:
The Chosen One
Brave:
Merida
Hello Neighbor:
Neighbor
The Storey Treehouse:
Andy
Wacky Game Jokez 4 Kidz:
Mickey
June
Eric
The Nightmare Before Christmas:
Jack Skellington
Bayonetta:
Bayonetta
Mii:
Mii
Wario:
Wario
Donkey Kong:
Donkey Kong
Yoshi:
Yoshi
Unikitty!:
Unikitty
Sword Art Online:
Kirito
Asuna
Squid Girl:
Squid Girl
Slenderman:
Slenderman
The Flintsones:
Fred Flintstone
The Berenstain Bears:
Papa Bear
Mama Bear
Sister Bear
Brother Bear
The Jetsons:
George J. Jetson
Okami:
Amaterasu
Sushi Striker: Way of the Sushido:
Musashi
Shovel Knight:
Shovel Knight
Kid Icarus:
Pit
Dark Pit
Jurassic Park:
Alan Grant
Tom Gates:
Tom Gates
Marcus
Amy
Art Academy:
Vince
Fortnite:
Jonesy
PLAYERUNKNOWN’S BATTLEGROUNDS:
Player character
Fallout:
Fallout 4 protagonist
The Land Before Time:
Littlefoot
Doctor Who:
The Doctor
The Lego Batman Movie:
Lego Batman
Himegoto:
Hime
Marchen Madchen:
Hazuki Kagimura
Bojack Horseman:
Bojack Horseman
Total Drama:
Chris
Toradora:
Taiga
One Punch Man:
Saitama
Attack on Titan:
Eren
Pleasant Goat and Big Big Wolf:
Wesley
Fullmetal Alchemist:
Edward Elric
The Wizard of Oz:
Dorothy
Super Smosh:
Ian
Anthony
Alfred and Poe:
Alfred
Poe
Dev Guy:
Warren
Valentine Panic:
Valentine
Seduce Me: The Otome:
Mika
Trick and Treat:
Axel
Haruka Winter Dreams:
Haruka
Scratch:
Scratch Cat
9:
2
The Problem Solverz:
Horace
Roba
Animal Inspector:
Protagonist
Liar Liar:
Yukari
Love or Die:
Viryse
MisSHAPEn Love:
Mia
Pervert&Yandere:
Richard
Paper Roses:
Kira
BookSLEEPer:
Protagonist
Heartbaked:
Ginger
Lads in Distress:
Princess Charming
Teletubbies:
Tinky-Winky
Thomas & Friends:
Thomas the Tank Engine
Percy
James
Gordon
Henry
Toby
The Fat ControlleSir Topham Hatt
The Walking Dead:
Clementine
The Big Bang Theory:
Sheldon
13 Reasons Why:
Clay
F.R.I.E.N.D.S:
Rachel
Monica
Phoebe
Joey
Chandler
Ross
Gumby:
Gumby
Gravity Falls:
Dipper
Mabel
Welcome to the Wayne:
Ansi Molina
Tom and Jerry:
Tom
Jerry
Baka to Test:
Hideyoshi
Golden Time:
Banri Tada
Searching:
David
Taken:
Bryan Mills
Charming:
Prince Charming
Ballerina:
Felicie
Home Improvement:
Tim
The Sandlot:
Scotty Smalls
Flappy Bird:
Faby
Swing Copters:
Protagonist
Turbo:
Turbo
Pocket Protectors:
Ballpoint
Straight-Edge
Erazer
Radius
BoxBoy!:
Qbby
The Barefoot Bandits:
Tane
Fridge
Riley
Letter Quest:
Grimm
Overcooked:
Protagonist
Hydlide:
Jim
Oh Sir!:
Mr J. Shufflebottom
Taco Man Plays a Video Game:
Taco Man
Game Gramps:
Grandpa
Pepsiman:
Pepsiman
Gamestop:
Buck Bunny
VOEZ:
Chelsea
DEEMO:
Deemo
Cytus:
Vanessa
Kitten Squad:
Kitten
Super Mario Logan:
Bowser Jr.
Dr. Stone:
Taiju
Bee and Puppycat:
Bee
Puppycat
Over the Garden Wall:
Greg
Star vs The Forces of Evil:
Star
Power Rangers:
Red Ranger
Blue Ranger
Danny Phantom:
Danny
The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius:
Jimmy Neutron
Carl
Planet Sheen:
Dorkus
Dexter’s Laboratory:
Dexter
Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends:
Bloo
Chowder:
Chowder
The Amazing World of Gumball:
Gumball
Darwin
We Bare Bears:
Grizz
Felix the Cat:
Felix the cat
Bendy and the Ink Machine:
Bendy
Outbreak Company:
Shinichi
Tokyo Mew Mew:
Ichigo
Puella Magi Madoka Magica:
Madoka
Card Captor Sakura:
Sakura
Ghostmates:
Ed
Charlie
Smosh:
Boxman
Boxman (Smosh Comics)
Benny Jean
That Damn Neighbor
Food Battle Announcer
Billy Hamburger
Stevie
Paulie P
Paul P
Peter Peter
George Zazz
Justin Bieber
Ian Hecox
Steve Youtube (Smosh: The Movie)
Bunsen is a Beast:
Bunsen
Coco:
Miguel
Monsters Inc.:
Sully
The Incredibles:
Mr. Incredible
Spirited Away:
Chihiro
Becky Prim:
Becky Prim
Kim Possible:
Kim Possible
Meet the Robinsons:
Lewis
The Little Mermaid:
Ariel
Zootopia:
Judy Hopps
Taiko no Tatsujin:
Don-Chan
Alien:
Xenomorph Queen
The Lego Ninjago Movie:
Lloyd
Gundam:
Amuro Ray
The Muppets:
Kermit the frog
Alf:
Alf
Neon Genesis Evangelion:
Shinji
The X-Files:
Fox Mulder
Godzilla:
Godzilla
Final Destination:
Alex Browning
Ice Age:
Sid
Lilo and Stitch:
Lilo
Stitch
RoboCop:
RoboCop
The Terminator:
The Terminator
Saw:
Jigsaw
The Purge:
James
50 Shades of Grey:
Christian
Tron:
Kevin
Dead Space:
Isaac Clarke
Overwatch:
Tracer
King of Fighters:
Kyo Kusanagi
Fatal Fury:
Terry Bogard
Ratchet and Clank:
Ratchet
Clank
Jak and Daxter:
Jak
Daxter
Tekken:
Heihachi
A Boy and his Blob:
Boy
Blob
Ace Combat:
Trigger
Master Higgins:
Master Higgins
Adventures of Lolo:
Lolo
Aero the Acro-bat:
Aero the Acro-bat
Ape Escape:
Specter
Asteroids:
Ship
Battletoads:
Rash
Zitz
Pimple
Spooky’s House of Jumpscares:
Spooky
The Call of Cthulhu:
Cthulhu
Chibi-Robo:
Chibi-Robo
Frankenstein:
Frankenstein's monster
Dracula:
Dracula
Boku no Pico:
Pico
Burger Time:
Chef Peter Pepper
Citrus:
Yuzu Aihara
Mei Aihara
Putt-Putt:
Putt-Putt
Pajama Sam:
Pajama Sam
Prison Tycoon:
Warden
RollerCoaster Tycoon:
Owner of the theme park
Restaurant Empire:
Armand LeBeouf
Frogger:
Frogger
Freddi Fish:
Freddi Fish
Fatty Bear:
Fatty Bear
Spy Fox:
Spy Fox
Gal Gun:
Tenzou Motesugi
Game & Watch:
Mr. Game & Watch
Guitar Hero:
Axel Steel
Rock Band:
Moosejaw
The Man With The Invisible Trousers:
James
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button:
Benjamin Button
Passpartout:
Passpartout
Just Dance:
Dancer
Sega Hard Girls:
Dreamcast
Sega Saturn
Mega Drive
Kinectimals:
Bumble
Left 4 Dead:
Bill
Life is Strange:
Max
LittleBigPlanet:
Sackboy
LovePlus:
Protagonist
Nights:
Nights
Naughty Bear:
Naughty Bear
Ted:
Ted
Houdini (2014 Movie):
Harry Houdini
Q*bert:
Q*bert
Pixels:
Sam
Touhou Project:
Sakuya Izayoi
Toejam and Earl:
Toejam
Earl
The Oregon Trail:
Protagonist
The Organ Trail:
Protagonist
Yakuza:
Kazuma Kiryu
Mall Tycoon:
Owner of the mall
Zoo Tycoon:
Owner of the zoo
Yukon Trail:
Midas T. Golden
Detention:
Fang Ray Shin
The Nutshack:
Phil
LazyTown:
Sportacus
Robbie Rotten
Purgatory:
Enri
Desolate Village:
Alex
The Desolate Hope:
Coffee
The Pilgrim’s Progress:
Christian
Captain Bible:
Captain Bible
Bad Milk:
Protagonist
Journey to the West:
Sun Wu Kong
Death Squared:
David
Watch_Dogs:
Aiden Pearce
Sleeping Dogs:
Wei Shen
Paletta:
Paletta
Wrecking Crew:
Foreman Spike
Sara is Missing:
IRIS
Simulacra:
Simulacra
Welcome to the Game:
Kidnapper
Rides with Strangers:
Donald Earl McArthur
A Normal Lost Phone:
Sam
Mogeko Castle:
Yonaka
Wadanohara and the Great Blue Sea:
Wadanohara
Little Nightmares:
Six
Little Einsteins:
Leo
Sally Face:
Sal
Fran Bow:
Fran Bow
Kick the Buddy:
Buddy
Strage Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde:
Dr. Jekyll/Mr. Hyde
Phineas and Ferb:
Phineas
Ferb
Big Nate:
Nate
Francis
Nate is Late:
Nate
The Ring:
Samara
Inanimate Insanity:
MePhone4
Winx Club:
Bloom
Tinkerbell:
Tinkerbell
Sausage Party:
Frank
The Lord of the Rings:
Gandalf
Duck Hunt:
Dog
Duck
Hunter
Starfox:
Fox McCloud
F-Zero:
Captain Falcon
Enchanted:
Giselle
Roblox:
Player character
Hearthstone:
Sir Annoy-O
Talking Tom:
Tom
Crossy Road:
Chicken
Granny:
Granny
The Titanic:
Jack
Rose
Dexter:
Dexter
How I Met Your Mother:
Ted
El Tigre:
Manny
Mucha Lucha:
Rikochet
The Book of Life:
Manolo
Cuphead:
Cuphead
Mugman
Waterworld:
The Mariner
GradeAUnderA:
Grade
Under
Dickhead
Foodfight!:
Dex Dogtective
Cyanide and Happiness:
Purple-shirted eye stabber
JoJo’s Bizarre Adventure:
Jonathan Joestar
Jotaro Joestar
The Grim Adventures of Billy and Mandy:
Grim
The Brave Little Toaster:
Toaster
PlayStation:
Polygon Man
Scott Pilgrim vs The World:
Scott Pilgrim
Club Penguin:
Rookie
Sonic.exe:
Sonic.exe
Pivot Stick Animator:
Stickman
Mr. Bean:
Mr. Bean
Teddy
Skitzo:
R-Dizzle
Captain N: The Game Master:
Kevin
Waluigi Travels Through The Multiverse:
Waluigi
Parappa the Rapper:
Parappa the rapper
God of War:
Kratos
Uncharted:
Nathan Drake
Bioshock:
Big Daddy
Paperboy:
Paperboy
Gauntlet:
Wizard
720°:
Skateboarder
Marble Madness:
Marble
Spy vs Spy:
Black spy
White spy
Xbox:
Xbox Avatar
A Kingdom for Keflings:
A Kefling
Cloudberry Kingdom:
Bob
Girls Like Robots:
June
Can Your Pet:
Pet
Snail:
Snail
Snail Bob:
Snail Bob
The King’s Avatar:
Ye Xiu
King’s Knight:
Ray Jack
King’s Quest:
Sir Graham
Monster Bark:
Bark
Haunt the House:
Ghost
Detective Grimoire:
Detective Grimoire
Sort the Court:
King
Wallace and Gromit:
Wallace
Gromit
Frankenweenie:
Sparky
Atelier:
Marie
Recetterar: An Item Shop’s Tale:
Recette
Tales Of:
Lloyd Irving
Lost Sphear:
Kanata
PETA:
Ash Ketchum (Pokemon Black and Blue)
Cooking Mama:
Cooking Mama
Gish:
Gish
Aquaria:
Naija
Owlboy:
Otus
Alex Kidd:
Alex Kidd
Space Channel 5:
Ulala
Mighty no. 9
Beck
Blaster Master:
Jason
Vroom in the Night Sky:
Magical Girl Luna
Azure Striker Gunvolt:
Gunvolt
Senran Kagura:
Asuka
Disgaea:
Killia
The Legend of Dark Witch:
Zizou
Pico’s School:
Pico
Riddle School:
Phil
Phred
Clock Crew:
Strawberry Clock
Lock Legion:
Strawberry Lock
Coffee Lock
Steamshovel Harry:
Harry
Bionicles:
Ekimu
Hero Factory:
Preston Stormer
Alien Conquest:
Alien Commander
XCOM:
Peter Van Doorn
Chantelise:
Chante
Elise
Yobi’s Basic Spelling Tricks:
Yobi
The House of the Dead:
Roy Curien
The Typing of the Dead:
James
Gary
Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue:
Smoke
Where’s Wally?:
Wally
Where’s Waldo?:
Waldo
Where in the World is Carmen Sandiego:
Carmen Sandiego
Adam Ruins Everything:
Adam Conover
South Park:
Stan
Kyle
Cartman
Kenny
Butters
Craig
The Human Centipede:
Dr. Josef Heiter
CollegeHumor:
Mike Trapp
Kingdom Hearts:
Sora
King Kong:
King Kong
Friday the 13th:
Jason
Nightmare on Elm Street:
Freddy Krueger
Edward Scissorhands:
Edward Scissorhands
Devil May Cry:
Dante
Final Fantasy:
Cloud Strife
Tidus
Food Wars!: Shokugeki no Soma:
Soma
DanTDM:
Dr. Trayaurus
Anthony Padilla:
A (If kids shows were honest about life)
E (If kids shows were honest about life)
I (If kids shows were honest about life)
O (If kids shows were honest about life)
U (If kids shows were honest about life)
The Hunchback of Notre Dame:
Quasimodo
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles:
Donatello
Who Framed Roger Rabbit?:
Roger Rabbit
Angry Video Game Nerd:
The Nerd
James Bond:
James Bond
Epic:
M. K.
Dance Dance Revolution:
Disco
Ed, Edd n’ Eddy:
Ed
Edd
Eddy
Hey Arnold:
Arnold
Codename: Kids Next Door:
Numbah 1
Numbah 2
Numbah 3
Numbah 4
Numbah 5
Back to Backspace:
Patty
Big City Greens:
Cricket
Danger Planet:
Danger Planet machine
Forklift robot
Twelve Forever:
Reggie
Infinity Train:
Tulip
Jack & Jill (Adam Sandler):
Jack
Jill
Red Dog:
Red Dog
Air Bud:
Buddy
101 Dalmations:
Cruella De Vil
Pongo
Perdy
Element Animations:
Jason
Dan
The Suite Life of Zack & Cody:
Zack
Cody
That’s So Raven:
Raven
Milo Murphy’s Law:
Milo Murphy
Even Stevens:
Louis Anthony Stevens
The Adventures of Pete & Pete:
Big Pete Wrigley
Little Pete Wrigley
Malcolm in the Middle:
Malcolm
Hotel Transylvania:
Dracula
DuckTales:
Scrooge McDuck
Scrooge McDuck (1987)
Elena of Avalor:
Elena
Sofia the First:
Sofia
The Proud Family:
Penny Proud
The Emperor’s New Groove:
Kuzco
American Dragon Jake Long:
Jake
Fanboy & Chum Chum:
Fanboy
Chum Chum
Fish Hooks:
Milo
Smart House:
Ben
Invisible Dad:
Doug's dad
Doug
Tender Loving Care:
Michael
My Magic Dog:
Toby
Lucky
Boy Meets World:
Cory
Sabrina the Teenage Witch:
Sabrina
Shorty Mc Shorts’ Shorts:
Shorty McShorts
Shezow:
Guy
Call of Duty Dog:
Call of Duty Dog
Sonic for Hire:
Sonic
Tails
Video Game Violence Saves the World from Violent Video Games:
Kid
Doge:
Doge
Karen
Isabelle
Phoebe
Kyle
Nyan Cat:
Nyan Cat
Tac Nayn
Wolfychu:
Wolfychu
Lilypichu:
Lilypichu
Emirichu:
Emirichu
TheOdd1sOut:
TheOdd1sout
Domics:
Domics
Jaiden Animations:
Jaiden
Game Theory:
MatPat
Dorkly:
Pixel Pete
Pokemon Rusty:
Rusty
The Greatest Showman:
P. T. Barnum
Doodle Jump:
The Doodler
Happy Jump:
Jelly
Seen:
Nicole
Color Switch:
Ball
Agar.io:
Blob
Slither.io:
Snake
Cookie Clicker:
Grandma
Donut County:
The hole
Bitcoin Billionaire:
The billionaire
Paper.io:
Protagonist
Highschool Romance:
Shoji
Shaun/Sophie
Highschool Possession:
Hikaru
Nekopara:
Chocola
Vanilla
Ren'Py:
Eileen
Voltron: Legendary Defender:
Takashi Shirogane
Wander Over Yonder:
Wander
Kablam!:
June
Doug:
Doug
Avatar: The Last Airbender:
Aang
The Legend of Korra:
Korra
Garfield:
Garfield
Jon
Odie
Calvin & Hobbes:
Calvin
Hobbes
Lego DC:
Lego Aquaman
Lego Friends:
Mia
Olivia
Emma
Stephanie
Andrea
FL Studio:
FL-Chan
R.O.B.:
Professor Hector
R.O.B.
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre:
Leatherface
Ice Climber:
Popo
Nana
Captain Commando:
Captain Commando
Dr. Horrible’s Sing-Along Blog:
Captain Hammer
Papers, Please:
Jorji Costava
Jorji Costava (Papers, Please: The Short Film)
Blocksworld:
Blockster
Ironpants:
Ironpants
Happy Wheels:
Irresponsible Dad
The Truman Show:
Truman
EdTV:
Ed
Duck Life:
Protagonist
The Average Everyday Adventures of Samantha Browne:
Samantha Browne
Cinderella Phenomenon:
Lucette
Our Home (visual novel):
Emily
A Day in the Life of a Slice of Bread:
Bread
a(t)rium:
Amie
Date (almost) Anything Simulator:
Calluna
[email protected]:
Protagonist
Stalker & Yandere:
Yandere-chan
Tealy & Orangey:
Tealy
Orangey
Geometry Dash:
Protagonist
Duck Season:
Dog
Ginosaji - The Horribly Slow Murderer with the Extremely Inefficient Weapon:
Ginosaji
McDonald’s:
Ronald McDonald
Karate Kid:
Daniel LaRusso
Llamas with Hats:
Carl
The Misfortune of Being Ned:
Ned
Wendy
The Headless Horseman
Greg
Spelling Bee
Uncle Ted
Grandpa Jed
Aunt Red
Uncle Ed
Sketchy Dude
Hulkster
Macho Man
Dwayne
Stone Cold
Hitman
Undertaker
Thunder
Luchador Loco
Ned’s dad
Ned’s mom
Goose
Mr. Simmons
Super Hexagon:
Protagonist
Perfect Dark:
Joanna Dark
Devil World:
Devil
Balloon Fight:
Balloon Fighter
h3h3Productions:
Ethan
Hila
Gnoggin:
Lockstin
Yo Gabba Gabba:
DJ Lance Rock
Crazy Frog:
Crazy Frog
Angels of Death:
Ray
Zack
Imaginary Friends (RPG):
Hailey
Oliver

the rest of the list because of reddit's character limit: https://textuploader.com/1k173
submitted by WaffleCat3367 to WhoWouldWinCasual [link] [comments]

RoadtoRoota - YouTube Phoenix Coin Shop is open 7 days a week with lots of inventory Inside a Bitcoin mine that earns $70K a day - YouTube YouTube Issue 1. Benefits cryptocurrency BitCoin

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RoadtoRoota - YouTube

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